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Chapter 4: Scripting Reference

4.1 Script File Format

A NSIS Script File (.nsi) is just a text file with script code.

Commands

Commands lines are in the format 'command [parameters]'

File "myfile"

Comments

Lines beginning with ; or # are comments. You can put comments after commands. You can also use C-style comments to comment one or more lines.

; Comment
# Comment

# Comment \
    Another comment line (see `Long commands` section below)

/*
Comment
Comment
*/

Name /* comment */ mysetup

File "myfile" ; Comment

If you want a parameter to start with ; or # put it in quotes.

Plug-ins

To call a plug-in, use 'plugin::command [parameters]'. For more info see Plug-in DLLs.

nsExec::Exec "myfile"

Numbers

For parameters that are treated as numbers, use decimal (the number) or hexadecimal (with 0x prepended to it, i.e. 0x12345AB), or octal (numbers beginning with a 0 and no x).

Colors should be set in hexadecimal RGB format, like HTML but without the #.

IntCmp 1 0x1 lbl_equal

SetCtlColors $HWND CCCCCC

Strings

To represent strings that have spaces, use quotes:

MessageBox MB_OK "Hi there!"

Quotes only have the property of containing a parameter if they begin the parameter. They can be either single quotes, double quotes, or the backward single quote.

You can escape quotes using $\:

MessageBox MB_OK "I'll be happy" ; this one puts a ' inside a string
MessageBox MB_OK 'And he said to me "Hi there!"' ; this one puts a " inside a string
MessageBox MB_OK `And he said to me "I'll be happy!"` ; this one puts both ' and "s inside a string
MessageBox MB_OK "$\"A quote from a wise man$\" said the wise man" ; this one shows escaping of quotes

It is also possible to put newlines, tabs etc. in a string using $\r, $\n, $\t etc. More information...

Variables

Variables start with $. User variables should be declared.

Var MYVAR

StrCpy $MYVAR "myvalue"

More information...

Long commands

To extend a command over multiple lines, use a backslash (\) at the end of the line. The next line will effectively be concatenated to the end of it. For example:

CreateShortcut "$SMPROGRAMS\NSIS\ZIP2EXE project workspace.lnk" \
    "$INSTDIR\source\zip2exe\zip2exe.dsw"

MessageBox MB_YESNO|MB_ICONQUESTION \
    "Do you want to remove all files in the folder? \
    (If you have anything you created that you want \
     to keep, click No)" \
    IDNO NoRemoveLabel

Line extension for long commands works for comments as well. It can be a bit confusing, so it should be avoided.

# A comment \
    still a comment here...

Configuration file

If a file named "nsisconf.nsh" in the config directory exists, it will be included by default before any scripts (unless the /NOCONFIG command line parameter is used). The config directory on Windows is the same directory as makensis.exe is in. On other platforms this is set at install time and defaults to $PREFIX/etc/. You can alter this at runtime, see section 3.1.3 for more information.

4.2 Variables

All variables are global and can be used in Sections or Functions. Note that, by default, variables are limited to 1024 characters. To extend this limit, build NSIS with a bigger value of the NSIS_MAX_STRLEN build setting or use the special build.

4.2.1 User Variables

$VARNAME

User variables can be declared with the Var command. You can use these variables to store values, work with string manipulation etc.

4.2.1.1 Var

[/GLOBAL] var_name

Declare a user variable. Allowed characters for variables names: [a-z][A-Z][0-9] and '_'. All defined variables are global, even if defined in a section or a function. To make this clear, variables defined in a section or a function must use the /GLOBAL flag. The /GLOBAL flag is not required outside of sections and functions.

Var example

Function testVar
  Var /GLOBAL example2

  StrCpy $example "example value"
  StrCpy $example2 "another example value"
FunctionEnd

4.2.2 Other Writable Variables

$0, $1, $2, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7, $8, $9, $R0, $R1, $R2, $R3, $R4, $R5, $R6, $R7, $R8, $R9

Registers. These variables can be used just like user variables, but are usually used in shared functions or macros. You don't have to declare these variables, so you won't get any name conflicts when using them in shared code. When using these variables in shared code, it's recommended that you use the stack to save and restore their original values. These variables can also be used for communication with plug-ins, because they can be read and written by the plug-in DLLs.

$INSTDIR

The installation directory ($INSTDIR is modifiable using StrCpy, ReadRegStr, ReadINIStr, etc. - This could be used, for example, in the .onInit function to do a more advanced detection of install location).

Note that in uninstaller code, $INSTDIR contains the directory where the uninstaller lies. It does not necessarily contain the same value it contained in the installer. For example, if you write the uninstaller to $WINDIR and the user doesn't move it, $INSTDIR will be $WINDIR in the uninstaller. If you write the uninstaller to another location, you should keep the installer's $INSTDIR in the registry or an alternative storing facility and read it in the uninstaller.

$OUTDIR

The current output directory (set implicitly via SetOutPath or explicitly via StrCpy, ReadRegStr, ReadINIStr, etc)

$CMDLINE

The command line of the installer. The format of the command line can be one of the following:

$LANGUAGE

The identifier of the language that is currently used. For example, English is 1033. You can change this variable in .onInit.

4.2.3 Constants

Constants can also be used in the InstallDir attribute.

Note that some of the new constants will not work on every OS. For example, $CDBURN_AREA will only work on Windows XP and above. If it's used on Windows 98, it'll be empty. Unless mentioned otherwise, a constant should be available on every OS.

$PROGRAMFILES, $PROGRAMFILES32, $PROGRAMFILES64

The program files directory (usually C:\Program Files but detected at runtime). On Windows x64, $PROGRAMFILES and $PROGRAMFILES32 point to C:\Program Files (x86) while $PROGRAMFILES64 points to C:\Program Files. Use $PROGRAMFILES64 when installing x64 applications.

$COMMONFILES, $COMMONFILES32, $COMMONFILES64

The common files directory. This is a directory for components that are shared across applications (usually C:\Program Files\Common Files but detected at runtime). On Windows x64, $COMMONFILES and $COMMONFILES32 point to C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files while $COMMONFILES64 points to C:\Program Files\Common Files. Use $COMMONFILES64 when installing x64 applications.

$DESKTOP

The Windows desktop directory (usually C:\Windows\Desktop but detected at runtime). The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

$EXEDIR

The directory containing the installer executable (technically you can modify this variable, but it is probably not a good idea).

$EXEFILE

The base name of the installer executable.

$EXEPATH

The full path of the installer executable.

${NSISDIR}

A symbol that contains the path where NSIS is installed. Useful if you want to call resources that are in NSIS directory e.g. Icons, UIs etc.

When compiled with support for keeping makensis and the data in the same place (the default on Windows), it is in the same place as makensis, on other platforms it is set at compile time (See the INSTALL file for info). In both instances you can modify it at runtime by setting the NSISDIR environment variable. See section 3.1.3 for more info.

$WINDIR

The Windows directory (usually C:\Windows or C:\WinNT but detected at runtime).

$SYSDIR

The Windows system directory (usually C:\Windows\System or C:\WinNT\System32 but detected at runtime).

$TEMP

The system temporary directory (usually C:\Windows\Temp but detected at runtime).

$STARTMENU

The start menu folder (useful in adding start menu items using CreateShortcut). The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

$SMPROGRAMS

The start menu programs folder (use this whenever you want $STARTMENU\Programs). The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

$SMSTARTUP

The start menu programs / startup folder. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

$QUICKLAUNCH

The quick launch folder for IE4 active desktop and above. If quick launch is not available, simply returns the same as $TEMP.

$DOCUMENTS

The documents directory. A typical path for the current user is C:\Documents and Settings\Foo\My Documents. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 with Internet Explorer 4 not installed.

$SENDTO

The directory that contains Send To menu shortcut items.

$RECENT

The directory that contains shortcuts to the user's recently used documents.

$FAVORITES

The directory that contains shortcuts to the user's favorite websites, documents, etc. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 with Internet Explorer 4 not installed.

$MUSIC

The user's music files directory. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is available on Windows XP, ME and above.

$PICTURES

The user's picture files directory. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is available on Windows 2000, XP, ME and above.

$VIDEOS

The user's video files directory. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is available on Windows XP, ME and above.

$NETHOOD

The directory that contains link objects that may exist in the My Network Places/Network Neighborhood folder.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 with Internet Explorer 4 and Active Desktop not installed.

$FONTS

The system's fonts directory.

$TEMPLATES

The document templates directory. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

$APPDATA

The application data directory. Detection of the current user path requires Internet Explorer 4 and above. Detection of the all users path requires Internet Explorer 5 and above. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 with Internet Explorer 4 and Active Desktop not installed.

$LOCALAPPDATA

The local (nonroaming) application data directory.

This constant is available on Windows 2000 and above.

$PRINTHOOD

The directory that contains link objects that may exist in the Printers folder.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 and Windows 98.

$INTERNET_CACHE

Internet Explorer's temporary internet files directory.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 and Windows NT with Internet Explorer 4 and Active Desktop not installed.

$COOKIES

Internet Explorer's cookies directory.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 and Windows NT with Internet Explorer 4 and Active Desktop not installed.

$HISTORY

Internet Explorer's history directory.

This constant is not available on Windows 95 and Windows NT with Internet Explorer 4 and Active Desktop not installed.

$PROFILE

The user's profile directory. A typical path is C:\Documents and Settings\Foo.

This constant is available on Windows 2000 and above.

$ADMINTOOLS

A directory where administrative tools are kept. The context of this constant (All Users or Current user) depends on the SetShellVarContext setting. The default is the current user.

This constant is available on Windows 2000, ME and above.

$RESOURCES

The resources directory that stores themes and other Windows resources (usually C:\Windows\Resources but detected at runtime).

This constant is available on Windows XP and above.

$RESOURCES_LOCALIZED

The localized resources directory that stores themes and other Windows resources (usually C:\Windows\Resources\1033 but detected at runtime).

This constant is available on Windows XP and above.

$CDBURN_AREA

A directory where files awaiting to be burned to CD are stored.

This constant is available on Windows XP and above.

$HWNDPARENT

The decimal HWND of the parent window.

$PLUGINSDIR

The path to a temporary folder created upon the first usage of a plug-in or a call to InitPluginsDir. This folder is automatically deleted when the installer exits. This makes this folder the ideal folder to hold INI files for InstallOptions, bitmaps for the splash plug-in, or any other file that a plug-in needs to work.

4.2.4 Constants Used in Strings

$$

Use to represent $.

$\r

Use to represent a carriage return (\r).

$\n

Use to represent a newline (\n).

$\t

Use to represent a tab (\t).

4.3 Labels

Labels are the targets of Goto instructions, or of the various branching instructions (such as IfErrors, MessageBox, IfFileExists, and StrCmp). Labels must be within a Section or a Function. Labels are local in scope, meaning they are only accessible from within the Section or Function that they reside in. To declare a label, simply use:

MyLabel:

Labels cannot begin with a -, +, !, $, or 0-9. When specifying labels for the various instructions that require them, remember that both an empty string ("") and 0 both represent the next instruction (meaning no Goto will occur). Labels beginning with a period (.) are global, meaning you can jump to them from any function or section (though you cannot jump to an uninstall global label from the installer, and vice versa).

4.4 Relative Jumps

Unlike labels, relative jumps are, as the name suggests, relative to the place they are called from. You can use relative jumps wherever you can use labels. Relative jumps are marked by numbers. +1 jumps to the next instruction (the default advancement), +2 will skip one instruction and go to the second instruction from the current instruction, -2 will jump two instructions backward, and +10 will skip 9 instructions, jumping to the tenth instruction from the current instruction.

An instruction is every command that is executed at run-time, when the installer is running. MessageBox, Goto, GetDLLVersion, FileRead, SetShellVarContext are all instructions. AddSize, Section, SectionGroup, SectionEnd, SetOverwrite (and everything under Compiler Flags), Name, SetFont, LangString, are not instructions because they are executed at compile time.

Examples:

 Goto +2
   MessageBox MB_OK "You will never ever see this message box"
 MessageBox MB_OK "The last message was skipped, this one should be shown"
 Goto +4
 MessageBox MB_OK "The following message will be skipped"
 Goto +3
 MessageBox MB_OK "You will never ever see this message box"
 Goto -3
 MessageBox MB_OK "Done"

Note that macro insertion is not considered as one instruction when it comes to relative jumps. The macro is expanded before relative jumps are applied, and so relative jumps can jump into code inside an inserted macro. The following code, for example, will not skip the macro. It will show a message box.

!macro relative_jump_test
  MessageBox MB_OK "first macro line"
  MessageBox MB_OK "second macro line"
!macroend

Goto +2
!insertmacro relative_jump_test

4.5 Pages

Each (non-silent) NSIS installer has a set of pages. Each page can be a NSIS built-in page or a custom page created by a user's function (with nsDialogs or InstallOptions for example).

Using the script you can control the pages' order, appearance, and behavior. You can skip pages, paint them white, force the user to stay in a certain page until a certain condition is met, show a readme page, show custom designed pages for input and more. In this section, you will learn how to control all of the above.

There are two basic commands regarding pages, Page and UninstPage. The first adds a page to the installer, the second adds a page to the uninstaller. On top of those two there is the PageEx command which allows you to add a page to either one and with greater amount of options. PageEx allows you to set options to the specific page you are adding instead of using the default that's set outside of PageEx.

4.5.1 Ordering

The page order is set simply by the order Page, UninstPage and PageEx appear in the script. For example:

 Page license
 Page components
 Page directory
 Page instfiles
 UninstPage uninstConfirm
 UninstPage instfiles

This code will tell NSIS to first show the license page, then the components selection page, then the directory selection page and finally the install log where sections are executed, just like in old installers. The uninstaller will first show the uninstall confirmation page and then the uninstallation log.

You can specify the same page type more than once.

For backwards compatibility with old NSIS scripts, the following installer pages will be added if no installer page commands are used: license (if LicenseText and LicenseData were specified), components (if ComponentText was specified and there is more than one visible section), directory (if DirText was specified) and instfiles. When there are no uninstaller page commands, the following uninstaller pages will be added: uninstall confirmation page (if UninstallText was specified) and instfiles. This method is deprecated, converting scripts to use page commands is highly recommended because you can use the new standard language strings.

4.5.2 Page Options

Each page has its unique set of data that defines how it will look and act. This section describes what data each type of page uses and how you can set it. Callback functions are described below and are not dealt with in this section.

The list below lists what commands affect the certain page type. Unless mentioned otherwise, these commands can be used both in and out of a PageEx block. If used inside a PageEx block they will only affect the current page being set by PageEx, else they will set the default for every other page.

License page

Components selection page

Directory selection page

Un/Installation log page

Uninstall confirmation page

To set the page caption use Caption.

4.5.3 Callbacks

Each built-in page has three callback functions: the pre-function, the show-creation function and the leave-function. The pre-function is called right before the page is created, the show-function is called right after it is created and before it is shown and the leave-function is called right after the user has pressed the next button and before the page is left.

A custom page only has two callback functions, one that creates it which is mandatory, and one leave-function that acts just like the leave-function for built-in pages.

Examples:

 Page license skipLicense "" stayInLicense
 Page custom customPage "" ": custom page"
 Page instfiles

 Function skipLicense
   MessageBox MB_YESNO "Do you want to skip the license page?" IDNO no
     Abort
   no:
 FunctionEnd

 Function stayInLicense
   MessageBox MB_YESNO "Do you want to stay in the license page?" IDNO no
     Abort
   no:
 FunctionEnd

 Function customPage
   GetTempFileName $R0
   File /oname=$R0 customPage.ini
   InstallOptions::dialog $R0
   Pop $R1
   StrCmp $R1 "cancel" done
   StrCmp $R1 "back" done
   StrCmp $R1 "success" done
   error: MessageBox MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP "InstallOptions error:$\r$\n$R1"
   done:
 FunctionEnd

4.5.4 Page

custom [creator_function] [leave_function] [caption] [/ENABLECANCEL]
  OR
internal_page_type [pre_function] [show_function] [leave_function] [/ENABLECANCEL]

Adds an installer page. See the above sections for more information about built-in versus custom pages and about callback functions.

internal_page_type can be:

The last page of the installer has its cancel button disabled to prevent confusion. To enable it anyway, use /ENABLECANCEL.

4.5.5 UninstPage

custom [creator_function] [leave_function] [caption] [/ENABLECANCEL]
  OR
internal_page_type [pre_function] [show_function] [leave_function] [/ENABLECANCEL]

Adds an uninstaller page. See the above sections for more information about built-in versus custom pages and about callback functions.

See Page for possible values of internal_page_type.

4.5.6 PageEx

[un.](custom|uninstConfirm|license|components|directory|instfiles)

Adds an installer page or an uninstaller page if the un. prefix was used. Every PageEx must have a matching PageExEnd. In a PageEx block you can set options that are specific to this page and will not be used for other pages. Options that are not set will revert to what was set outside the PageEx block or the default if nothing was set. To set the sub-caption for a page use Caption or SubCaption to set the default. To set the callback functions for a page set with PageEx use PageCallbacks. See the above sections for more information about built-in versus custom pages.

Example usage:

 PageEx license
   LicenseText "Readme"
   LicenseData readme.rtf
 PageExEnd

 PageEx license
   LicenseData license.txt
   LicenseForceSelection checkbox
 PageExEnd

4.5.7 PageExEnd

Ends a PageEx block.

4.5.8 PageCallbacks

([creator_function] [leave_function]) | ([pre_function] [show_function] [leave_function])

Sets the callback functions for a page defined using PageEx. Can only be used inside a PageEx block. See the above sections for more information about callback functions.

PageEx license
  PageCallbacks licensePre licenseShow licenseLeave
PageExEnd

4.6 Sections

Each NSIS installer contains one or more sections. Each of these sections are created, modified, and ended with the following commands.

4.6.1 Section Commands

4.6.1.1 AddSize

size_kb

Tells the installer that the current section needs an additional "size_kb" kilobytes of disk space. Only valid within a section (will have no effect outside of a section or in a function).

Section
AddSize 500
SectionEnd

4.6.1.2 Section

[/o] [([!]|[-])section_name] [section_index_output]

Begins and opens a new section. If section_name is empty, omitted, or begins with a -, then it is a hidden section and the user will not have the option of disabling it. If the section name is 'Uninstall' or is prefixed with 'un.', then it is a an uninstaller section. If section_index_output is specified, the parameter will be !defined with the section index (that can be used for SectionSetText etc). If the section name begins with a !, the section will be displayed as bold. If the /o switch is specified, the section will be unselected by default.

Section "-hidden section"
SectionEnd

Section # hidden section
SectionEnd

Section "!bold section"
SectionEnd

Section /o "optional"
SectionEnd

Section "install something" SEC_IDX
SectionEnd

To access the section index, curly brackets must be used and the code must be located below the section in the script.

Section test1 sec1_id
SectionEnd

Section test2 sec2_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  SectionGetText ${sec2_id} $0
  MessageBox MB_OK "name of ${sec2_id}:$\n$0" # will correctly display 'name of 1: test2'
FunctionEnd
Function .onInit
  SectionGetText ${sec2_id} $0
  MessageBox MB_OK "name of ${sec2_id}:$\n$0" # will incorrectly display 'name of ${sec2_id}: test1'
    # plus a warning stating:
    #   unknown variable/constant "{sec2_id}" detected, ignoring
FunctionEnd

Section test1 sec1_id
SectionEnd

Section test2 sec2_id
SectionEnd

4.6.1.3 SectionEnd

This command closes the current open section.

4.6.1.4 SectionIn

insttype_index [insttype_index] [RO]

This command specifies which install types (see InstType) the current section defaults to the enabled state in. Multiple SectionIn commands can be specified (they are combined). If you specify RO as a parameter, then the section will be read-only, meaning the user won't be able to change its state. The first install type defined using InstType is indexed 1, the next 2 and so on.

InstType "full"
InstType "minimal"

Section "a section"
SectionIn 1 2
SectionEnd

Section "another section"
SectionIn 1
SectionEnd

4.6.1.5 SectionGroup

[/e] section_group_name [index_output]

This command inserts a section group. The section group must be closed with SectionGroupEnd, and should contain 1 or more sections. If the section group name begins with a !, its name will be displayed with a bold font. If /e is present, the section group will be expanded by default. If index_output is specified, the parameter will be !defined with the section index (that can be used for SectionSetText etc). If the name is prefixed with 'un.' the section group is an uninstaller section group.

SectionGroup "some stuff"
Section "a section"
SectionEnd
Section "another section"
SectionEnd
SectionGroupEnd

4.6.1.6 SectionGroupEnd

Closes a section group opened with SectionGroup.

4.6.2 Uninstall Section

A special Section named 'Uninstall' must be created in order to generate an uninstaller. This section should remove all files, registry keys etc etc that were installed by the installer, from the system. Here is an example of a simple uninstall section:

Section "Uninstall"
  Delete $INSTDIR\Uninst.exe ; delete self (see explanation below why this works)
  Delete $INSTDIR\myApp.exe
  RMDir $INSTDIR
  DeleteRegKey HKLM SOFTWARE\myApp
SectionEnd

The first Delete instruction works (deleting the uninstaller), because the uninstaller is transparently copied to the system temporary directory for the uninstall.

Note that in uninstaller code, $INSTDIR contains the directory where the uninstaller lies. It does not necessarily contain the same value it contained in the installer.

4.7 Functions

Functions are similar to Sections in that they contain zero or more instructions. User functions are not called by the installer directly, instead they are called from Sections using the Call instruction. Callback functions will be called by the installer when a certain event occurs.

Functions must be declared outside of Sections or other Functions.

4.7.1 Function Commands

4.7.1.1 Function

[function_name]

Begins and opens a new function. Function names beginning with "." (e.g. ".Whatever") are generally reserved for callback functions. Function names beginning with "un." are functions that will be generated in the Uninstaller. Hence, normal install Sections and functions cannot call uninstall functions, and the Uninstall Section and uninstall functions cannot call normal functions.

Function func
  # some commands
FunctionEnd

Section
  Call func
SectionEnd

4.7.1.2 FunctionEnd

This command closes the current open function.

4.7.2 Callback Functions

You can create callback functions which have special names, that will be called by the installer at certain points in the install. Below is a list of currently available callbacks:

4.7.2.1 Install Callbacks

4.7.2.1.1 .onGUIInit

This callback will be called just before the first page is loaded and the installer dialog is shown, allowing you to tweak the user interface.

Example:

 !include "WinMessages.nsh"

 Function .onGUIInit
   # 1028 is the id of the branding text control
   GetDlgItem $R0 $HWNDPARENT 1028
   CreateFont $R1 "Tahoma" 10 700
   SendMessage $R0 ${WM_SETFONT} $R1 0
   # set background color to white and text color to red
   SetCtlColors $R0 FFFFFF FF0000
 FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.2 .onInit

This callback will be called when the installer is nearly finished initializing. If the '.onInit' function calls Abort, the installer will quit instantly.

Here are two examples of how this might be used:

 Function .onInit
   MessageBox MB_YESNO "This will install. Continue?" IDYES NoAbort
     Abort ; causes installer to quit.
   NoAbort:
 FunctionEnd

or:

 Function .onInit
   ReadINIStr $INSTDIR $WINDIR\wincmd.ini Configuration InstallDir
   StrCmp $INSTDIR "" 0 NoAbort
     MessageBox MB_OK "Windows Commander not found. Unable to get install path."
     Abort ; causes installer to quit.
   NoAbort:
 FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.3 .onInstFailed

This callback is called when the user hits the 'cancel' button after the install has failed (if it could not extract a file, or the install script used the Abort command).

Example:

  Function .onInstFailed
    MessageBox MB_OK "Better luck next time."
  FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.4 .onInstSuccess

This callback is called when the install was successful, right before the install window closes (which may be after the user clicks 'Close' if AutoCloseWindow or SetAutoClose is set to false).

Example:

  Function .onInstSuccess
    MessageBox MB_YESNO "Congrats, it worked. View readme?" IDNO NoReadme
      Exec notepad.exe ; view readme or whatever, if you want.
    NoReadme:
  FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.5 .onGUIEnd

This callback is called right after the installer window closes. Use it to free any user interface related plug-ins if needed.

4.7.2.1.6 .onMouseOverSection

This callback is called whenever the mouse position over the sections tree has changed. This allows you to set a description for each section for example. The section id on which the mouse is over currently is stored, temporarily, in $0.

Example:

  Function .onMouseOverSection
    FindWindow $R0 "#32770" "" $HWNDPARENT
    GetDlgItem $R0 $R0 1043 ; description item (must be added to the UI)

    StrCmp $0 0 "" +2
      SendMessage $R0 ${WM_SETTEXT} 0 "STR:first section description"

    StrCmp $0 1 "" +2
      SendMessage $R0 ${WM_SETTEXT} 0 "STR:second section description"
  FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.7 .onRebootFailed

This callback is called if Reboot fails. WriteUninstaller, plug-ins, File and WriteRegBin should not be used in this callback.

Example:

 Function .onRebootFailed
   MessageBox MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP "Reboot failed. Please reboot manually." /SD IDOK
 FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.8 .onSelChange

Called when the selection changes on the component page. Useful for using with SectionSetFlags and SectionGetFlags.

Selection changes include both section selection and installation type changes. The section id of the changed section is stored in $0. $0 is -1 if the installation type changed. You only get notifications for changes initiated by the user and only one notification per action even if the action also affected child sections and/or parent groups.

4.7.2.1.9 .onUserAbort

This callback is called when the user hits the 'cancel' button, and the install hasn't already failed. If this function calls Abort, the install will not be aborted.

Example:

 Function .onUserAbort
   MessageBox MB_YESNO "Abort install?" IDYES NoCancelAbort
     Abort ; causes installer to not quit.
   NoCancelAbort:
 FunctionEnd
4.7.2.1.10 .onVerifyInstDir

This callback enables control over whether or not an installation path is valid for your installer. This code will be called every time the user changes the install directory, so it shouldn't do anything crazy with MessageBox or the likes. If this function calls Abort, the installation path in $INSTDIR is deemed invalid.

Example:

  Function .onVerifyInstDir
    IfFileExists $INSTDIR\Winamp.exe PathGood
      Abort ; if $INSTDIR is not a winamp directory, don't let us install there
    PathGood:
  FunctionEnd

4.7.2.2 Uninstall Callbacks

4.7.2.2.1 un.onGUIInit

This callback will be called just before the first page is loaded and the installer dialog is shown, allowing you to tweak the user interface.

Have a look at .onGUIInit for an example.

4.7.2.2.2 un.onInit

This callback will be called when the uninstaller is nearly finished initializing. If the ' un.onInit' function calls Abort, the uninstaller will quit instantly. Note that this function can verify and/or modify $INSTDIR if necessary.

Here are two examples of how this might be used:

  Function un.onInit
    MessageBox MB_YESNO "This will uninstall. Continue?" IDYES NoAbort
      Abort ; causes uninstaller to quit.
    NoAbort:
  FunctionEnd

or:

  Function un.onInit
    IfFileExists $INSTDIR\myfile.exe found
      Messagebox MB_OK "Uninstall path incorrect"
      Abort
    found:
  FunctionEnd
4.7.2.2.3 un.onUninstFailed

This callback is called when the user hits the 'cancel' button after the uninstall has failed (if it used the Abort command or otherwise failed).

Example:

  Function un.onUninstFailed
    MessageBox MB_OK "Better luck next time."
  FunctionEnd
4.7.2.2.4 un.onUninstSuccess

This callback is called when the uninstall was successful, right before the install window closes (which may be after the user clicks 'Close' if SetAutoClose is set to false)..

Example:

  Function un.onUninstSuccess
    MessageBox MB_OK "Congrats, it's gone."
  FunctionEnd
4.7.2.2.5 un.onGUIEnd

This callback is called right after the uninstaller window closes. Use it to free any user interface related plug-ins if needed.

4.7.2.2.6 un.onRebootFailed

This callback is called if Reboot fails. WriteUninstaller, plug-ins, File and WriteRegBin should not be used in this callback.

Example:

 Function un.onRebootFailed
   MessageBox MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP "Reboot failed. Please reboot manually." /SD IDOK
 FunctionEnd
4.7.2.2.7 un.onSelChange

Called when the selection changes on the component page. Useful for using with SectionSetFlags and SectionGetFlags.

Selection changes include both section selection and installation type changes. The section id of the changed section is stored in $0. $0 is -1 if the installation type changed. You only get notifications for changes initiated by the user and only one notification per action even if the action also affected child sections and/or parent groups.

4.7.2.2.8 un.onUserAbort

This callback is called when the user hits the 'cancel' button and the uninstall hasn't already failed. If this function calls Abort, the install will not be aborted.

Example:

  Function un.onUserAbort
    MessageBox MB_YESNO "Abort uninstall?" IDYES NoCancelAbort
      Abort ; causes uninstaller to not quit.
    NoCancelAbort:
  FunctionEnd

4.8 Installer Attributes

4.8.1 General Attributes

The commands below all adjust attributes of the installer. These attributes control how the installer looks and functions, including which pages are present in the installer, as what text is displayed in each part of each page, how the installer is named, what icon the installer uses, the default installation directory, what file it writes out, and more. Note that these attributes can be set anywhere in the file except in a Section or Function.

Defaults are bold and underlined

4.8.1.1 AddBrandingImage

(left|right|top|bottom) (width|height) [padding]

Adds a branding image on the top, bottom, left, or right of the installer. Its size will be set according to the width/height specified, the installer width/height and the installer font. The final size will not always be what you requested; have a look at the output of the command for the actual size. Because this depends on the installer font, you should use SetFont before AddBrandingImage. The default padding value is 2.

AddBrandingImage only adds a placeholder for an image. To set the image itself on runtime, use SetBrandingImage.

AddBrandingImage left 100
AddBrandingImage right 50
AddBrandingImage top 20
AddBrandingImage bottom 35
AddBrandingImage left 100 5

4.8.1.2 AllowRootDirInstall

true|false

Controls whether or not installs are enabled to the root directory of a drive, or directly into a network share. Set to 'true' to change the safe behavior, which prevents users from selecting C:\ or \\Server\Share as an install (and later on, uninstall) directory. For additional directory selection page customizability, see .onVerifyInstDir.

4.8.1.3 AutoCloseWindow

true|false

Sets whether or not the install window automatically closes when completed. This is overrideable from a section using SetAutoClose.

4.8.1.4 BGFont

[font_face [height [weight] [/ITALIC] [/UNDERLINE] [/STRIKE]]]

Specifies the font used to show the text on the background gradient. To set the color use BGGradient. If no parameters are specified, the default font will be used. The default font is bold and italic Times New Roman.

4.8.1.5 BGGradient

[off|(topc botc [textcolor|notext])]

Specifies whether or not to use a gradient background window. If 'off', the installer will not show a background window, if no parameters are specified, the default black to blue gradient is used, and otherwise the top_color or bottom_color are used to make a gradient. Top_color and bottom_color are specified using the form RRGGBB (in hexadecimal, as in HTML, only minus the leading '#', since # can be used for comments). 'textcolor' can be specified as well, or 'notext' can be specified to turn the big background text off.

4.8.1.6 BrandingText

/TRIM(LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER) text

Sets the text that is shown (by default it is 'Nullsoft Install System vX.XX') at the bottom of the install window. Setting this to an empty string ("") uses the default; to set the string to blank, use " " (a space). If it doesn't matter to you, leave it the default so that everybody can know why the installer didn't suck. heh. Use /TRIMLEFT, /TRIMRIGHT or /TRIMCENTER to trim down the size of the control to the size of the string.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized on .onInit.

4.8.1.7 Caption

caption

When used outside a PageEx block: Sets the text for the titlebar of the installer. the By default, it is 'Name Setup', where Name is specified with the Name instruction. You can, however, override it with 'MyApp Installer' or whatever. If you specify an empty string (""), the default will be used (you can however specify " " to achieve a blank string).

When used inside a PageEx block: Sets the subcaption of the current page.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized on .onInit.

4.8.1.8 ChangeUI

dialog ui_file.exe

Replaces dialog (IDD_LICENSE, IDD_DIR, IDD_SELCOM, IDD_INST, IDD_INSTFILES, IDD_UNINST or IDD_VERIFY) by a dialog with the same resource ID in ui_file.exe. You can also specify 'all' as the dialog if you wish to replace all 7 of the dialogs at once from the same UI file. For some example UIs look at Contrib\UIs under your NSIS directory.

ChangeUI all "${NSISDIR}\Contrib\UIs\sdbarker_tiny.exe"

4.8.1.9 CheckBitmap

bitmap.bmp

Specifies the bitmap with the images used for the checks of the component-selection page treeview.

This bitmap should have a size of 96x16 pixels, no more than 8bpp (256 colors) and contain six 16x16 images for the different states (in order: selection mask, not checked, checked, greyed out, unchecked & read-only, checked & read-only). Use magenta as mask color (this area will be transparent).

4.8.1.10 CompletedText

text

Replaces the default text ("Completed") that is printed at the end of the install if parameter is specified. Otherwise, the default is used.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the message is printed.

4.8.1.11 ComponentText

[text [subtext] [subtext2]]

Used to change the default text on the component page.

text: Text above the controls, to the right of the installation icon.

subtext: Text next to the installation type selection.

subtext2: Text to the left of the components list and below the installation type.

The default string will be used if a string is empty ("").

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the components page is created.

4.8.1.12 CRCCheck

on|off|force

Specifies whether or not the installer will perform a CRC on itself before allowing an install. Note that if the user uses /NCRC on the command line when executing the installer, and you didn't specify 'force', the CRC will not occur, and the user will be allowed to install a (potentially) corrupted installer.

4.8.1.13 DetailsButtonText

show details text

Replaces the default details button text of "Show details", if parameter is specified (otherwise the default is used).

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the install log (instfiles) page is created.

4.8.1.14 DirText

[text] [subtext] [browse_button_text] [browse_dlg_text]

Used to change the default text on the directory page.

text: Text above the controls, to the right of the installation icon.

subtext: Text on the directory selection frame.

browse_button_text: Text on the Browse button.

browse_dlg_text: Text on the "Browse For Folder" dialog, appears after clicking on "Browse" button.

The default string will be used if a string is empty ("").

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the directory page is created.

4.8.1.15 DirVar

user_var(dir input/output)

Specifies which variable is to be used to contain the directory selected. This variable should contain the default value too. This allows to easily create two different directory pages that will not require you to move values in and out of $INSTDIR. The default variable is $INSTDIR. This can only be used in PageEx and for directory and uninstConfirm pages.

Var ANOTHER_DIR
PageEx directory
  DirVar $ANOTHER_DIR
PageExEnd

Section
  SetOutPath $INSTDIR
  File "a file.dat"
  SetOutPath $ANOTHER_DIR
  File "another file.dat"
SectionEnd

4.8.1.16 DirVerify

auto|leave

If `DirVerify leave' is used, the Next button will not be disabled if the installation directory is not valid or there is not enough space. A flag that you can read in the leave function using GetInstDirError will be set instead.

PageEx directory
  DirVerify leave
  PageCallbacks "" "" dirLeave
PageExEnd

4.8.1.17 FileErrorText

file error text

Replaces the default text that comes up when a file cannot be written to. This string can contain a reference to $0, which is the filename ($0 is temporarily changed to this value). Example: "Can not write to file $\r$\n$0$\r$\ngood luck.".

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before File is used.

4.8.1.18 Icon

[path\]icon.ico

Sets the icon of the installer. Every icon in the icon file will be included in the installer. Use UninstallIcon to set the uninstaller icon.

4.8.1.19 InstallButtonText

install button text

If parameter is specified, overrides the default install button text (of "Install") with the specified text.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the install button shows.

4.8.1.20 InstallColors

/windows | (foreground_color background_color)

Sets the colors to use for the install info screen (the default is 00FF00 000000. Use the form RRGGBB (in hexadecimal, as in HTML, only minus the leading '#', since # can be used for comments). Note that if "/windows" is specified as the only parameter, the default windows colors will be used.

4.8.1.21 InstallDir

definstdir

Sets the default installation directory. See the variables section for variables that can be used to make this string (especially $PROGRAMFILES). Note that the part of this string following the last \ will be used if the user selects 'browse', and may be appended back on to the string at install time (to disable this, end the directory with a \ (which will require the entire parameter to be enclosed with quotes). If this doesn't make any sense, play around with the browse button a bit.

4.8.1.22 InstallDirRegKey

root_key subkey key_name

This attribute tells the installer to check a string in the registry, and use it for the install dir if that string is valid. If this attribute is present, it will override the InstallDir attribute if the registry key is valid, otherwise it will fall back to the InstallDir default. When querying the registry, this command will automatically remove any quotes. If the string ends in ".exe", it will automatically remove the filename component of the string (i.e. if the string is "C:\Program Files\Foo\app.exe", it will know to use "C:\Program Files\Foo"). For more advanced install directory configuration, set $INSTDIR in .onInit.

Language strings and variables cannot be used with InstallDirRegKey.

InstallDirRegKey HKLM Software\NSIS ""
InstallDirRegKey HKLM Software\ACME\Thingy InstallLocation

4.8.1.23 InstProgressFlags

[flag [...]]

Valid values for flag are "smooth" (smooth the progress bar) or "colored" (color the progress bar with the colors set by InstallColors. Examples: "InstProgressFlags" (default old-school windows look), "InstProgressFlags smooth" (new smooth look), "InstProgressFlags smooth colored" (colored smooth look whee). Note: neither "smooth" or "colored" work with XPStyle on when the installer runs on Windows XP with a modern theme.

4.8.1.24 InstType

install_type_name | /NOCUSTOM | /CUSTOMSTRING=str | /COMPONENTSONLYONCUSTOM

Adds an install type to the install type list, or disables the custom install type. There can be as many as 32 types, each one specifying the name of the install type. If the name is prefixed with 'un.' it is an uninstaller install type. The name can contain variables which will be processed at runtime before the components page shows. Another way of changing the InstType name during runtime is the InstTypeSetText command. The difference is that with InstTypeSetText you are saving your precious user variables. The first type is the default (generally 'Typical'). If the /NOCUSTOM switch is specified, then the "custom" install type is disabled, and the user has to choose one of the pre-defined install types. Alternatively, if the /CUSTOMSTRING switch is specified, the parameter will override the "Custom" install type text. Alternatively, if the /COMPONENTSONLYONCUSTOM flag is specified, the component list will only be shown if the "Custom" install type is selected.

Accepts variables for type names. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the components page is created.

4.8.1.25 LicenseBkColor

color | /gray | /windows

Sets the background color of the license data. Color is specified using the form RRGGBB (in hexadecimal, as in HTML, only minus the leading '#', since # can be used for comments). Default is '/gray'. You can also use the Windows OS defined color by using '/windows'.

4.8.1.26 LicenseData

licdata.(txt|rtf)

Specifies a text file or a RTF file to use for the license that the user can read. Omit this to not have a license displayed. Note that the file must be in the evil DOS text format (\r\n, yeah!). To define a multilingual license data use LicenseLangString.

If you make your license file a RTF file it is recommended you edit it with WordPad and not MS Word. Using WordPad will result in a much smaller file.

Use LicenseLangString to show a different license for every language.

4.8.1.27 LicenseForceSelection

(checkbox [accept_text] | radiobuttons [accept_text] [decline_text] | off)

Specifies if the displayed license must be accept explicit or not. This can be done either by a checkbox or by radiobuttons. By default the "next button" is disabled and will only be enabled if the checkbox is enabled or the right radio button is selected. If off is specified the "next button" is enabled by default.

LicenseForceSelection checkbox
LicenseForceSelection checkbox "i accept"
LicenseForceSelection radiobuttons
LicenseForceSelection radiobuttons "i accept"
LicenseForceSelection radiobuttons "i accept" "i decline"
LicenseForceSelection radiobuttons "" "i decline"
LicenseForceSelection off

4.8.1.28 LicenseText

[text [button_text]]

Used to change the default text on the license page.

text: Text above the controls, to the right of the installation icon.

button_text: Text on the "I Agree" button.

The default string will be used if a string is empty ("").

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the license page is created.

4.8.1.29 ManifestDPIAware

notset|true|false

Declare that the installer is DPI-aware. A DPI-aware application is not scaled by the DWM (DPI virtualization) so the text is never blurry. NSIS does not scale the bitmap used by the tree control on the component page and some plugins might have compatibility issues so make sure that you test your installer at different DPI settings if you select true.

See MSDN for more information about DPI-aware applications.

4.8.1.30 ManifestSupportedOS

none|all|WinVista|Win7|Win8|Win8.1|{GUID} [...]

Declare that the installer is compatible with the specified Windows version(s). This adds a SupportedOS entry in the compatibility section of the application manifest. The default list of Win7+Win8+Win8.1 will probably be updated to include newer Windows versions in the future. none is the default if RequestExecutionLevel is set to none for compatibility reasons.

You can read more about the changes in behavior on MSDN.

4.8.1.31 MiscButtonText

[back button text [next button text] [cancel button text] [close button text]]

Replaces the default text strings for the four buttons (< Back, Next >, Cancel and Close). If parameters are omitted, the defaults are used.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized in .onInit.

4.8.1.32 Name

name [name_doubled_ampersands]

Sets the name of the installer. The name is usually simply the product name such as 'MyApp' or 'CrapSoft MyApp'. If you have one or more ampersands (&) in the name, set the second parameter to the same name, only with doubled ampersands. For example, if your product's name is "Foo & Bar", use:

 Name "Foo & Bar" "Foo && Bar"

If you have ampersands in the name and use a LangString for the name, you will have to create another one with doubled ampersands to use as the second parameter.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized in .onInit.

4.8.1.33 OutFile

[path\]install.exe

Specifies the output file that the MakeNSIS should write the installer to. This is just the file that MakeNSIS writes, it doesn't affect the contents of the installer.

4.8.1.34 RequestExecutionLevel

none|user|highest|admin

Specifies the requested execution level for Windows Vista and higher. The value is embedded in the installer and uninstaller's XML manifest and tells Windows which privilege level the installer requires. user requests the a normal user's level with no administrative privileges. highest will request the highest execution level available for the current user and will cause Windows to prompt the user to verify privilege escalation. The prompt might request for the user's password. admin requests administrator level and will cause Windows to prompt the user as well. Specifying none, which is also the default, will keep the manifest empty and let Windows decide which execution level is required. Windows automatically identifies NSIS installers and decides administrator privileges are required. Because of this, none and admin have virtually the same effect.

It's recommended, at least by Microsoft, that every application is marked with a required execution level. Unmarked installers are subject to compatibility mode. Workarounds of this mode include automatically moving any shortcuts created in the user's start menu to all users' start menu. Installers that need not install anything into system folders or write to the local machine registry (HKLM) should specify user execution level.

More information about this topic can be found on MSDN.

4.8.1.35 SetFont

[/LANG=lang_id] font_face_name font_size

Sets the installer font. Please remember that the font you choose must be present on the user's machine as well. Don't use rare fonts that only you have.

Use the /LANG switch if you wish to set a different font for each language. For example:

 SetFont /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "English Font" 9
 SetFont /LANG=${LANG_FRENCH} "French Font" 10

There are two LangStrings named ^Font and ^FontSize which contain the font and font size for every language.

4.8.1.36 ShowInstDetails

hide|show|nevershow

Sets whether or not the details of the install are shown. Can be 'hide' to hide the details by default, allowing the user to view them, or 'show' to show them by default, or 'nevershow', to prevent the user from ever seeing them. Note that sections can override this using SetDetailsView.

4.8.1.37 ShowUninstDetails

hide|show|nevershow

Sets whether or not the details of the uninstall are shown. Can be 'hide' to hide the details by default, allowing the user to view them, or 'show' to show them by default, or 'nevershow', to prevent the user from ever seeing them. Note that sections can override this using SetDetailsView.

4.8.1.38 SilentInstall

normal|silent|silentlog

Specifies whether or not the installer should be silent. If it is 'silent' or 'silentlog', all sections that have the SF_SELECTED flag are installed quietly (you can set this flag using SectionSetFlags), with no screen output from the installer itself (the script can still display whatever it wants, use MessageBox's /SD to specify a default for silent installers). Note that if this is set to 'normal' and the user runs the installer with /S (case sensitive) on the command line, it will behave as if SilentInstall 'silent' was used. Note: see also LogSet.

See section 4.12 for more information.

4.8.1.39 SilentUnInstall

normal|silent

Specifies whether or not the uninstaller should be silent. If it is 'silent' or 'silentlog', the uninstall section will run quietly, with no screen output from the uninstaller itself (the script can still display whatever it wants, use MessageBox's /SD to specify a default for silent installers). Note that if this is set to 'normal' and the user runs the uninstaller with /S on the command line, it will behave as if SilentUnInstall 'silent' was used. Note: see also LogSet.

See section 4.12 for more information.

4.8.1.40 SpaceTexts

[req text [avail text]]

If parameters are specified, overrides the space required and space available text ("Space required: " and "Space available: " by default). If 'none' is specified as the required text no space texts will be shown.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the components page is created.

4.8.1.41 SubCaption

[page_number subcaption]

Overrides the subcaptions for each of the installer pages (0=": License Agreement",1=": Installation Options",2=": Installation Directory", 3=": Installing Files", 4=": Completed"). If you specify an empty string (""), the default will be used (you can however specify " " to achieve a blank string).

You can also set a subcaption (or override the default) using Caption inside a PageEx block.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the relevant page is created.

4.8.1.42 UninstallButtonText

text

Changes the text of the button that by default says "Uninstall" in the uninstaller. If no parameter is specified, the default text is used. See also WriteUninstaller (replaces UninstallEXEName).

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the uninstall button shows.

4.8.1.43 UninstallCaption

caption

Sets what the titlebars of the uninstaller will display. By default, it is 'Name Uninstall', where Name is specified with the Name command. You can, however, override it with 'MyApp uninstaller' or whatever. If you specify an empty string (""), the default will be used (you can however specify " " to achieve a blank string).

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized in un.onInit.

4.8.1.44 UninstallIcon

[path\]icon.ico

Sets the icon of the uninstaller.

4.8.1.45 UninstallSubCaption

page_number subcaption

Sets the default subcaptions for the uninstaller pages (0=": Confirmation",1=": Uninstalling Files",2=": Completed"). If you specify an empty string (""), the default will be used (you can however specify " " to achieve a blank string).

You can also set a subcaption (or override the default) using Caption inside a PageEx block.

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the relevant page is created.

4.8.1.46 UninstallText

text [subtext]

Specifies the texts on the uninstaller confirm page.

text: Text above the controls

subtext: Text next to the uninstall location

Accepts variables. If variables are used, they must be initialized before the uninstaller confirm page is created.

4.8.1.47 WindowIcon

on|off

Sets whether or not the installer's icon is being displayed.

4.8.1.48 XPStyle

on|off

Sets whether or not an XP manifest will be added to the installer. An XP manifest makes the installer controls use the new XP style when running on Windows XP. This affects the uninstaller too.

4.8.2 Compiler Flags

The following commands affect how the compiler generates code and compresses data. Unless otherwise noted, these commands are valid anywhere in the script, and effect every line below where each one is placed (until overridden by another command). They cannot be jumped over using flow control insutrctions.

For example, in the following script, blah.dat will never be overwritten.

${If} $0 == 0
  SetOverwrite on
${Else}
  SetOverwrite off
${EndIf}
File blah.dat # overwrite is always off here!

Instead, the following should be used.

${If} $0 == 0
  SetOverwrite on
  File blah.dat
${Else}
  SetOverwrite off
  File blah.dat
${EndIf}

4.8.2.1 AllowSkipFiles

on|off

This command specifies whether the user should be able to skip a file or not. A user has an option to skip a file if SetOverwrite is set to on (default) and the installer fails to open a file for writing when trying to extract a file. If off is used the ignore button which allows the user to skip the file will not show and the user will only have an option to abort the installation (Cancel button) or retry opening the file for writing (Retry button). If on is used the user will have an option to skip the file (error flag will be set - see SetOverwrite).

4.8.2.2 FileBufSize

buffer_size_in_mb

This command sets the size of the compiler's internal file buffers. This command allows you to control the compiler's memory usage by limiting how much of a given file it will load into memory at once. Since the compiler needs both input and output, twice the memory size specified could be used at any given time for file buffers. This command does not limit the compression buffers which could take another couple of MB, neither does it limit the compiler's other internal buffers, but those shouldn't normally top 1MB anyway. Specifying a very small number could decrease performance. Specifying a very large number could exhaust system resources and force the compiler to cancel the compilation process. The default value is 32MB.

4.8.2.3 SetCompress

auto|force|off

This command sets the compress flag which is used by the installer to determine whether or not data should be compressed. Typically the SetCompress flag will affect the commands after it, and the last SetCompress command in the file also determines whether or not the install info section and uninstall data of the installer is compressed. If compressflag is 'auto', then files are compressed if the compressed size is smaller than the uncompressed size. If compressflag is set to 'force', then the compressed version is always used. If compressflag is 'off' then compression is not used (which can be faster).

Note that this option has no effect when solid compression is used.

4.8.2.4 SetCompressor

[/SOLID] [/FINAL] zlib|bzip2|lzma

This command sets the compression algorithm used to compress files/data in the installer. It can only be used outside of sections and functions and before any data is compressed. Different compression methods can not be used for different files in the same installer. It is recommended to use it on the very top of the script to avoid compilation errors.

Three compression methods are supported: ZLIB, BZIP2 and LZMA.

ZLIB (the default) uses the deflate algorithm, it is a quick and simple method. With the default compression level it uses about 300 KB of memory.

BZIP2 usually gives better compression ratios than ZLIB, but it is a bit slower and uses more memory. With the default compression level it uses about 4 MB of memory.

LZMA is a new compression method that gives very good compression ratios. The decompression speed is high (10-20 MB/s on a 2 GHz CPU), the compression speed is lower. The memory size that will be used for decompression is the dictionary size plus a few KBs, the default is 8 MB.

If /FINAL is used, subsequent calls to SetCompressor will be ignored.

If /SOLID is used, all of the installer data is compressed in one block. This results in greater compression ratios.

4.8.2.5 SetCompressorDictSize

dict_size_mb

Sets the dictionary size in megabytes (MB) used by the LZMA compressor (default is 8 MB).

4.8.2.6 SetDatablockOptimize

on|off

This command tells the compiler whether or not to do datablock optimizations. Datablock optimizations have the compiler check to see if any data being added to the data block is already in the data block, and if so, it is simply referenced as opposed to added (can save a little bit of size). It is highly recommended to leave this option on.

4.8.2.7 SetDateSave

on|off

This command sets the file date/time saving flag which is used by the File command to determine whether or not to save the last write date and time of the file, so that it can be restored on installation. Valid flags are 'on' and 'off'. 'on' is the default.

4.8.2.8 SetOverwrite

on|off|try|ifnewer|ifdiff|lastused

This command sets the overwrite flag which is used by the File command to determine whether or not the file should overwrite any existing files that are present. If overwriteflag is 'on', files are overwritten (this is the default). If overwriteflag is 'off', files that are already present are not overwritten. If overwriteflag is 'try', files are overwritten if possible (meaning that if the file is not able to be written to, it is skipped without any user interaction). If overwriteflag is 'ifnewer', then files are only overwritten if the existing file is older than the new file. If overwriteflag is 'ifdiff', then files are only overwritten if the existing file is older or newer than the new file. Note that when in 'ifnewer' or 'ifdiff' mode, the destination file's date is set, regardless of what SetDateSave is set to.

SetOverwrite off
File program.cfg # config file we don't want to overwrite
SetOverwrite on

4.8.2.9 Unicode

true|false

Generate a Unicode installer. It can only be used outside of sections and functions and before any data is compressed.

4.8.3 Version Information

4.8.3.1 VIAddVersionKey

 [/LANG=lang_id] keyname value

Adds a field in the Version Tab of the File Properties. This can either be a field provided by the system or a user defined field. The following fields are provided by the System:

The name of these fields are translated on the target system, whereas user defined fields remain untranslated.

VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "ProductName" "Test Application"
VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "Comments" "A test comment"
VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "CompanyName" "Fake company"
VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "LegalTrademarks" "Test Application is a trademark of Fake company"
VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "LegalCopyright" "© Fake company"
VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "FileDescription" "Test Application"
VIAddVersionKey /LANG=${LANG_ENGLISH} "FileVersion" "1.2.3"

4.8.3.2 VIProductVersion

[version_string_X.X.X.X]

Sets the Product Version in the VS_FIXEDFILEINFO version information block.

VIProductVersion "1.2.3.4"

4.8.3.3 VIFileVersion

[version_string_X.X.X.X]

Sets the File Version in the VS_FIXEDFILEINFO version information block (You should also set the FileVersion string with VIAddVersionKey so the information is displayed at the top of the Version Tab in the Properties of the file). If you don't provide a File Version the Product Version is used in the VS_FIXEDFILEINFO block.

VIFileVersion "1.2.3.4"

4.9 Instructions

4.9.1 Basic Instructions

The instructions that NSIS uses for scripting are sort of a cross between PHP and assembly. There are no real high level language constructs, but the instructions themselves are (for the most part) high level, and you have handy string capability (i.e. you don't have to worry about concatenating strings, etc). You essentially have 25 registers (20 general purpose, 5 special purpose), and a stack.

4.9.1.1 Delete

[/REBOOTOK] file

Delete file (which can be a file or wildcard, but should be specified with a full path) from the target system. If /REBOOTOK is specified and the file cannot be deleted then the file is deleted when the system reboots -- if the file will be deleted on a reboot, the reboot flag will be set. The error flag is set if files are found and cannot be deleted. The error flag is not set from trying to delete a file that does not exist.

Delete $INSTDIR\somefile.dat

4.9.1.2 Exec

command

Execute the specified program and continue immediately. Note that the file specified must exist on the target system, not the compiling system. $OUTDIR is used for the working directory. The error flag is set if the process could not be launched. Note, if the command could have spaces, you should put it in quotes to delimit it from parameters. e.g.: Exec '"$INSTDIR\command.exe" parameters'. If you don't put it in quotes it will not work on Windows 9x with or without parameters.

Exec '"$INSTDIR\someprogram.exe"'
Exec '"$INSTDIR\someprogram.exe" some parameters'

4.9.1.3 ExecShell

action command [parameters] [SW_SHOWDEFAULT | SW_SHOWNORMAL | SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED | SW_SHOWMINIMIZED | SW_HIDE]

Execute the specified program using ShellExecute. Note that action is usually "open", "print", etc, but can be an empty string to use the default action. Parameters and the show type are optional. $OUTDIR is used for the working directory. The error flag is set if the process could not be launched.

ExecShell "open" "http://nsis.sf.net/"
ExecShell "open" "$INSTDIR\readme.txt"
ExecShell "print" "$INSTDIR\readme.txt"

4.9.1.4 ExecWait

command [user_var(exit code)]

Execute the specified program and wait for the executed process to quit. See Exec for more information. If no output variable is specified ExecWait sets the error flag if the program executed returns a nonzero error code, or if there is an error. If an output variable is specified, ExecWait sets the variable with the exit code (and only sets the error flag if an error occurs; if an error occurs the contents of the user variable are undefined). Note, if the command could have spaces, you should put it in quotes to delimit it from parameters. e.g.: ExecWait '"$INSTDIR\command.exe" parameters'. If you don't put it in quotes it will not work on Windows 9x with or without parameters.

ExecWait '"$INSTDIR\someprogram.exe"'
ExecWait '"$INSTDIR\someprogram.exe"' $0
DetailPrint "some program returned $0"

4.9.1.5 File

[/nonfatal] [/a] ([/r] [/x file|wildcard [...]] (file|wildcard) [...] | /oname=file.dat infile.dat)

Adds file(s) to be extracted to the current output path ($OUTDIR).

File something.exe
File /a something.exe
File *.exe
File /r *.dat
File /r data
File /oname=temp.dat somefile.ext
File /oname=$TEMP\temp.dat somefile.ext
File "/oname=$TEMP\name with spaces.dat" somefile.ext
File /nonfatal "a file that might not exist"
File /r /x CVS myproject\*.*
File /r /x *.res /x *.obj /x *.pch source\*.*

Note: when using the /r switch, both matching directories and files will be searched. This is always done with or without the use of wildcards, even if the given path perfectly matches one directory. That means, the following directory structure:

<DIR> something
  file.dat
  another.dat
<DIR> dir
  something
  <DIR> dir2
    file2.dat
<DIR> another
  <DIR> something
    readme.txt

with the following File usage:

File /r something

will match the directory named something on the root directory, the file named something in the directory named dir and the directory named something in the directory named another. To match only the directory named something on the root directory, use the following:

File /r something\*.*

When adding \*.*, it will be used as the matching condition and something will be used as the directory to search. When only something is specified, the current directory will be recursively searched for every file and directory named something and another\something will be matched.

4.9.1.6 Rename

[/REBOOTOK] source_file dest_file

Rename source_file to dest_file. You can use it to move a file from anywhere on the system to anywhere else and you can move a directory to somewhere else on the same drive. The destination file must not exist or the move will fail (unless you are using /REBOOTOK). If /REBOOTOK is specified, and the file cannot be moved (if, for example, the destination exists), then the file is moved when the system reboots. If the file will be moved on a reboot, the reboot flag will be set. The error flag is set if the file cannot be renamed (and /REBOOTOK is not used) or if the source file does not exist.

If no absolute path is specified the current folder will be used. The current folder is the folder set using the last SetOutPath instruction. If you have not used SetOutPath the current folder is $EXEDIR.

Rename $INSTDIR\file.ext $INSTDIR\file.dat

4.9.1.7 ReserveFile

[/nonfatal] [/r] [/x file|wildcard [...]] file [file...] | [/nonfatal] /plugin file.dll

Reserves a file in the data block for later use. Files are added to the compressed data block in the order they appear in the script. Functions, however, are not necessarily called in the order they appear in the script. Therefore, if you add a file in a function called early but put the function at the end of the script, all of the files added earlier will have to be decompressed to get to the required file. This process can take a long time if there a lot of files. .onInit is one such function. It is called at the very beginning, before anything else appears. If you put it at the very end of the script, extract some files in it and have lots of files added before it, the installer might take a very long time to load. This is where this command comes useful, allowing you to speed up the loading process by including the file at the top of the data block instead of letting NSIS seek all the way down to the bottom of the compressed data block.

Use /plugin to reserve a plugin in ${NSISDIR}\Plugins\*.

See File for more information about the parameters.

4.9.1.8 RMDir

[/r] [/REBOOTOK] directory_name

Remove the specified directory (fully qualified path with no wildcards). Without /r, the directory will only be removed if it is completely empty. If /r is specified, the directory will be removed recursively, so all directories and files in the specified directory will be removed. If /REBOOTOK is specified, any file or directory which could not have been removed during the process will be removed on reboot -- if any file or directory will be removed on a reboot, the reboot flag will be set. The error flag is set if any file or directory cannot be removed.

RMDir $INSTDIR
RMDir $INSTDIR\data
RMDir /r /REBOOTOK $INSTDIR
RMDir /REBOOTOK $INSTDIR\DLLs

Note that the current working directory can not be deleted. The current working directory is set by SetOutPath. For example, the following example will not delete the directory.

SetOutPath $TEMP\dir
RMDir $TEMP\dir

The next example will succeed in deleting the directory.

SetOutPath $TEMP\dir
SetOutPath $TEMP
RMDir $TEMP\dir

Warning: using RMDir /r $INSTDIR in the uninstaller is not safe. Though it is unlikely, the user might select to install to the Program Files folder and so this command will wipe out the entire Program Files folder, including other programs that has nothing to do with the uninstaller. The user can also put other files but the program's files and would expect them to get deleted with the program. Solutions are available for easily uninstalling only files which were installed by the installer.

4.9.1.9 SetOutPath

outpath

Sets the output path ($OUTDIR) and creates it (recursively if necessary), if it does not exist. Must be a full pathname, usually is just $INSTDIR (you can specify $INSTDIR if you are lazy with a single "-").

SetOutPath $INSTDIR
File program.exe

4.9.2 Registry, INI, File Instructions

In all of the below registry instructions use an empty string (just two quotes with nothing between them - "") as the key name to specify the default key which is shown as (Default) in regedit.exe.

If a full path is not specified for any of the INI handling instructions, the Windows directory will be used.

4.9.2.1 DeleteINISec

ini_filename section_name

Deletes the entire section [section_name] from ini_filename. If the section could not be removed from the ini file, the error flag is set. It does not set the error flag if the section could not be found.

WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 something 123
WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 somethingelse 1234
WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section2 nsis true
DeleteINISec $TEMP\something.ini section1

4.9.2.2 DeleteINIStr

ini_filename section_name str_name

Deletes the string str_name from section [section_name] from ini_filename. If the string could not be removed from the ini file, the error flag is set. It does not set the error flag if the string could not be found.

WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 something 123
WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 somethingelse 1234
DeleteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 somethingelse

4.9.2.3 DeleteRegKey

[/ifempty] root_key subkey

Deletes a registry key. If /ifempty is specified, the registry key will only be deleted if it has no subkeys (otherwise, the whole registry tree will be removed). Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. The error flag is set if the key could not be removed from the registry (or if it didn't exist to begin with).

DeleteRegKey HKLM "Software\My Company\My Software"
DeleteRegKey /ifempty HKLM "Software\A key that might have subkeys"

4.9.2.4 DeleteRegValue

root_key subkey key_name

Deletes a registry value. Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. The error flag is set if the value could not be removed from the registry (or if it didn't exist to begin with).

DeleteRegValue HKLM "Software\My Company\My Software" "some value"

4.9.2.5 EnumRegKey

user_var(output) root_key subkey index

Set user variable $x with the name of the 'index'th registry key in root_key\Subkey. Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. Returns an empty string if there are no more keys, and returns an empty string and sets the error flag if there is an error.

StrCpy $0 0
loop:
  EnumRegKey $1 HKLM Software $0
  StrCmp $1 "" done
  IntOp $0 $0 + 1
  MessageBox MB_YESNO|MB_ICONQUESTION "$1$\n$\nMore?" IDYES loop
done:

4.9.2.6 EnumRegValue

user_var(output) root_key subkey index

Set user variable $x with the name of the 'index'th registry value in root_key\Subkey. Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. Returns an empty string and sets the error flag if there are no more values or if there is an error.

StrCpy $0 0
loop:
  ClearErrors
  EnumRegValue $1 HKLM Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion $0
  IfErrors done
  IntOp $0 $0 + 1
  ReadRegStr $2 HKLM Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion $1
  MessageBox MB_YESNO|MB_ICONQUESTION "$1 = $2$\n$\nMore?" IDYES loop
done:

4.9.2.7 ExpandEnvStrings

user_var(output) string

Expands environment variables in string into the user variable $x. If an environment variable doesn't exist, it will not be replaced. For example, if you use "%var%" and var doesn't exists, the result will be "%var%". If there is an error, the variable is set to empty, and the error flag is set.

ExpandEnvStrings $0 "WINDIR=%WINDIR%$\nTEMP=%TEMP%"

4.9.2.8 FlushINI

ini_filename

Flushes the INI file's buffers. Windows 9x keeps all changes to the INI file in memory. This command causes the changes to be written to the disk immediately. Use it if you edit the INI manually, delete it, move it or copy it right after you change it with WriteINIStr, DeleteINISec or DeleteINStr.

WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini test test test
FlushINI $TEMP\something.ini
Delete $TEMP\something.ini

4.9.2.9 ReadEnvStr

user_var(output) name

Reads from the environment string "name" and sets the value into the user variable $x. If there is an error reading the string, the user variable is set to empty, and the error flag is set.

ReadEnvStr $0 WINDIR
ReadEnvStr $1 TEMP

4.9.2.10 ReadINIStr

user_var(output) ini_filename section_name entry_name

Reads from entry_name in [section_name] of ini_filename and stores the value into user variable $x. The error flag will be set and $x will be assigned to an empty string if the entry is not found.

ReadINIStr $0 $INSTDIR\winamp.ini winamp outname

4.9.2.11 ReadRegDWORD

user_var(output) root_key sub_key name

Reads a 32 bit DWORD from the registry into the user variable $x. Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. The error flag will be set and $x will be set to an empty string ("" which is 0) if the DWORD is not present. If the value is present, but is not a DWORD, it will be read as a string and the error flag will be set.

ReadRegDWORD $0 HKLM Software\NSIS VersionBuild

4.9.2.12 ReadRegStr

user_var(output) root_key sub_key name

Reads from the registry into the user variable $x. Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. The error flag will be set and $x will be set to an empty string ("") if the string is not present. If the value is present, but is of type REG_DWORD, it will be read and converted to a string and the error flag will be set.

ReadRegStr $0 HKLM Software\NSIS ""
DetailPrint "NSIS is installed at: $0"

4.9.2.13 WriteINIStr

ini_filename section_name entry_name value

Writes entry_name=value into [section_name] of ini_filename. The error flag is set if the string could not be written to the ini file.

WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 something 123
WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section1 somethingelse 1234
WriteINIStr $TEMP\something.ini section2 nsis true

4.9.2.14 WriteRegBin

root_key subkey key_name valuedata

This command writes a block of binary data to the registry. Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. Valuedata is in hexadecimal (e.g. DEADBEEF01223211151). The error flag is set if the binary data could not be written to the registry. If the registry key doesn't exist it will be created.

WriteRegBin HKLM "Software\My Company\My Software" "Binary Value" DEADBEEF01223211151

4.9.2.15 WriteRegDWORD

root_key subkey key_name value

This command writes a dword (32 bit integer) to the registry (a user variable can be specified). Valid values for root_key are listed under WriteRegStr. The error flag is set if the dword could not be written to the registry. If the registry key doesn't exist it will be created.

WriteRegDWORD HKLM "Software\My Company\My Software" "DWORD Value" 0xDEADBEEF

4.9.2.16 WriteRegStr

root_key subkey key_name value

Write a string to the registry. See WriteRegExpandStr for more details.

WriteRegStr HKLM "Software\My Company\My Software" "String Value" "dead beef"

4.9.2.17 WriteRegExpandStr

root_key subkey key_name value

Write a string to the registry. root_key must be one of:

If root_key is SHCTX or SHELL_CONTEXT, it will be replaced with HKLM if SetShellVarContext is set to all and with HKCU if SetShellVarContext is set to current.

The error flag is set if the string could not be written to the registry. The type of the string will be REG_SZ for WriteRegStr, or REG_EXPAND_STR for WriteRegExpandStr. If the registry key doesn't exist it will be created.

WriteRegExpandStr HKLM "Software\My Company\My Software" "Expand String Value" "%WINDIR%\notepad.exe"

4.9.3 General Purpose Instructions

4.9.3.1 CallInstDLL

dllfile function_name

Calls a function named function_name inside a NSIS extension DLL, a plug-in. See the example plugin for how to make one. Extension DLLs can access the stack and variables. Note: To automatically extract and call plug-in DLLs, use a plug-in command instead of CallInstDLL.

Push "a parameter"
Push "another parameter"
CallInstDLL $INSTDIR\somedll.dll somefunction

For easier plug-in handling, use the new plug-in call syntax.

4.9.3.2 CopyFiles

[/SILENT] [/FILESONLY] filespec_on_destsys destination_path [size_of_files_in_kb]

Copies files from the source to the destination on the installing system. Useful with $EXEDIR if you want to copy from installation media, or to copy from one place to another on the system. You might see a Windows status window of the copy operation if the operation takes a lot of time (to disable this, use /SILENT). The last parameter can be used to specify the size of the files that will be copied (in kilobytes), so that the installer can approximate the disk space requirements. On error, or if the user cancels the copy (only possible when /SILENT was omitted), the error flag is set. If /FILESONLY is specified, only files are copied.

Fully-qualified path names should always be used with this instruction. Using relative paths will have unpredictable results.

CreateDirectory $INSTDIR\backup
CopyFiles $INSTDIR\*.dat $INSTDIR\backup

4.9.3.3 CreateDirectory

path_to_create

Creates (recursively if necessary) the specified directory. The error flag is set if the directory couldn't be created.

You should always specify an absolute path.

CreateDirectory $INSTDIR\some\directory

4.9.3.4 CreateShortcut

[/NoWorkingDir] link.lnk target.file [parameters [icon.file [icon_index_number [start_options [keyboard_shortcut [description]]]]]]

Creates a shortcut 'link.lnk' that links to 'target.file', with optional parameters 'parameters'. The icon used for the shortcut is 'icon.file,icon_index_number'; for default icon settings use empty strings for both icon.file and icon_index_number. start_options should be one of: SW_SHOWNORMAL, SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED, SW_SHOWMINIMIZED, or an empty string. keyboard_shortcut should be in the form of 'flag|c' where flag can be a combination (using |) of: ALT, CONTROL, EXT, or SHIFT. c is the character to use (a-z, A-Z, 0-9, F1-F24, etc). Note that no spaces are allowed in this string. A good example is "ALT|CONTROL|F8". $OUTDIR is used for the working directory. You can change it by using SetOutPath before creating the Shortcut or use /NoWorkingDir if you don't need to set the working directory. description should be the description of the shortcut, or comment as it is called under XP. The error flag is set if the shortcut cannot be created (i.e. either of the paths (link or target) does not exist, or some other error).

CreateDirectory "$SMPROGRAMS\My Company"
CreateShortcut "$SMPROGRAMS\My Company\My Program.lnk" "$INSTDIR\My Program.exe" \
  "some command line parameters" "$INSTDIR\My Program.exe" 2 SW_SHOWNORMAL \
  ALT|CONTROL|SHIFT|F5 "a description"

4.9.3.5 GetDLLVersion

filename user_var(high dword output) user_var(low dword output)

Gets the version information from the DLL (or any other executable containing version information) in "filename". Sets the user output variables with the high and low dwords of version information on success; on failure the outputs are empty and the error flag is set. The following example reads the DLL version and copies a human readable version of it into $0:

GetDllVersion "$INSTDIR\MyDLL.dll" $R0 $R1
IntOp $R2 $R0 / 0x00010000
IntOp $R3 $R0 & 0x0000FFFF
IntOp $R4 $R1 / 0x00010000
IntOp $R5 $R1 & 0x0000FFFF
StrCpy $0 "$R2.$R3.$R4.$R5"

4.9.3.6 GetDLLVersionLocal

localfilename user_var(high dword output) user_var(low dword output)

This is similar to GetDLLVersion, only it acts on the system building the installer (it actually compiles into two StrCpy commands). Sets the two output variables with the DLL version information of the DLL on the build system. Use !getdllversion if you need to use the values with VIProductVersion.

4.9.3.7 GetFileTime

filename user_var(high dword output) user_var(low dword output)

Gets the last write time of "filename". Sets the user output variables with the high and low dwords of the timestamp on success; on failure the outputs are empty and the error flag is set.

4.9.3.8 GetFileTimeLocal

localfilename user_var(high dword output) user_var(low dword output)

This is similar to GetFileTime, only it acts on the system building the installer (it actually compiles into two StrCpy commands). Sets the two output variables with the file timestamp of the file on the build system.

4.9.3.9 GetFullPathName

[/SHORT] user_var(output) path_or_file

Assign to the user variable $x, the full path of the file specified. If the path portion of the parameter is not found, the error flag will be set and $x will be empty. If /SHORT is specified, the path is converted to the short filename form. However, if /SHORT is not specified, the path isn't converted to its long filename form. To get the long filename, call GetLongPathName using the System plug-in. Note that GetLongPathName is only available on Windows 98, Windows 2000 and above.

StrCpy $INSTDIR $PROGRAMFILES\NSIS
SetOutPath $INSTDIR
GetFullPathName $0 ..
DetailPrint $0 # will print C:\Program Files
GetFullPathName /SHORT $0 $INSTDIR
DetailPrint $0 # will print C:\Progra~1\NSIS
StrCpy $0 C:\Progra~1\NSIS
System::Call 'kernel32::GetLongPathName(t r0, t .r1, i ${NSIS_MAX_STRLEN}) i .r2'
StrCmp $2 error +2
StrCpy $0 $1
DetailPrint $0 # will print C:\Program Files\NSIS, where supported

4.9.3.10 GetTempFileName

user_var(output) base_dir

Assign to the user variable $x, the name of a temporary file. The file will have been created, so you can then overwrite it with what you please. The name of the temporary file is guaranteed to be unique. If to want the temporary file to be created in another directory than the Windows temp directory, specify a base_dir. Delete the file when done with it.

GetTempFileName $0
File /oname=$0 something.dat
# do something with something.dat
Delete $0

4.9.3.11 SearchPath

user_var(output) filename

Assign to the user variable $x, the full path of the file named by the second parameter. The error flag will be set and $x will be empty if the file cannot be found. Uses SearchPath() to search the system paths for the file.

4.9.3.12 SetFileAttributes

filename attribute1|attribute2|...

Sets the file attributes of 'filename'. Valid attributes can be combined with | and are:

The error flag will be set if the file's attributes cannot be set (i.e. the file doesn't exist, or you don't have the right permissions). You can only set attributes. It's not possible to unset them. If you want to remove an attribute use NORMAL. This way all attributes are erased. This command doesn't support wildcards.

4.9.3.13 RegDLL

dllfile [entrypoint_name]

Loads the specified DLL and calls DllRegisterServer (or entrypoint_name if specified). The error flag is set if an error occurs (i.e. it can't load the DLL, initialize OLE, find the entry point, or the function returned anything other than ERROR_SUCCESS (=0)).

Use SetOutPath to set the current directory for DLLs that depend on other DLLs that are now in the path or in the Windows directory. For example, if foo.dll depends on bar.dll which is located in $INSTDIR use:

 SetOutPath $INSTDIR
 RegDLL $INSTDIR\foo.dll

4.9.3.14 UnRegDLL

dllfile

Loads the specified DLL and calls DllUnregisterServer. The error flag is set if an error occurs (i.e. it can't load the DLL, initialize OLE, find the entry point, or the function returned anything other than ERROR_SUCCESS (=0)).

4.9.4 Flow Control Instructions

4.9.4.1 Abort

user_message

Cancels the install, stops execution of script, and displays user_message in the status display. Note: you can use this from Callback functions to do special things. Page callbacks also uses Abort for special purposes.

Abort
Abort "can't install"

4.9.4.2 Call

function_name | :label_name | user_var(input)

Calls the function named function_name, the label named label_name, or a variable that specifies an address. An address is returned by GetCurrentAddress, GetFunctionAddress or GetLabelAddress. A call returns when it encounters a Return instruction. Sections and functions are automatically ended with a Return instruction. Uninstall functions cannot be called from installer functions and sections, and vice-versa.

Function func
  Call :label
  DetailPrint "#1: This will only appear 1 time."
label:
  DetailPrint "#2: This will appear before and after message #1."
  Call :.global_label
FunctionEnd

Section
  Call func
  Return

.global_label:
  DetailPrint "#3: The global label was called"
SectionEnd

4.9.4.3 ClearErrors

Clears the error flag.

ClearErrors
IfErrors 0 +2
  MessageBox MB_OK "this message box will never show"

4.9.4.4 GetCurrentAddress

user_var(output)

Gets the address of the current instruction (the GetCurrentAddress) and stores it in the output user variable. This user variable then can be passed to Call or Goto.

Function func
  DetailPrint "function"
  IntOp $0 $0 + 2
  Call $0
  DetailPrint "function end"
FunctionEnd

Section
  DetailPrint "section"
  DetailPrint "section"
  GetCurrentAddress $0
  Goto callFunc

  DetailPrint "back to section"
  Return

callFunc:
  Call func
  DetailPrint "section end"
SectionEnd

4.9.4.5 GetFunctionAddress

user_var(output) function_name

Gets the address of the function and stores it in the output user variable. This user variable then can be passed to Call or Goto. Note that if you Goto an address which is the output of GetFunctionAddress, your function will never be returned to (when the function you Goto'd to returns, you return instantly).

Function func
  DetailPrint "function"
FunctionEnd

Section
  GetFunctionAddress $0 func
  Call $0
SectionEnd

4.9.4.6 GetLabelAddress

user_var(output) label

Gets the address of the label and stores it in the output user variable. This user variable then can be passed to Call or Goto. Note that you may only call this with labels accessible from your function, but you can call it from anywhere (which is potentially dangerous). Note that if you Call the output of GetLabelAddress, code will be executed until it Return's (explicitly or implicitly at the end of a function), and then you will be returned to the statement after the Call.

label:
DetailPrint "label"
GetLabelAddress $0 label
IntOp $0 $0 + 4
Goto $0
DetailPrint "done"

4.9.4.7 Goto

label_to_jump_to | +offset| -offset| user_var(target)

If label is specified, goto the label 'label_to_jump_to:'.

If +offset or -offset is specified, jump is relative by offset instructions. Goto +1 goes to the next instruction, Goto -1 goes to the previous instruction, etc.

If a user variable is specified, jumps to absolute address (generally you will want to get this value from a function like GetLabelAddress). Compiler flag commands and SectionIn aren't instructions so jumping over them has no effect.

Goto label
Goto +2
Goto -2
Goto $0

4.9.4.8 IfAbort

label_to_goto_if_abort [label_to_goto_if_no_abort]

If abort is called it will "return" true. This can happen if the user chose abort on a file that failed to create (or overwrite) or if the user aborted by hand. This function can only be called from the leave function of the instfiles page.

Page instfiles "" "" instfilesLeave

Function instfilesLeave
  IfAbort 0 +2
    MessageBox MB_OK "user aborted"
FunctionEnd

4.9.4.9 IfErrors

jumpto_iferror [jumpto_ifnoerror]

Checks and clears the error flag, and if it is set, it will goto jumpto_iferror, otherwise it will goto jumpto_ifnoerror. The error flag is set by other instructions when a recoverable error (such as trying to delete a file that is in use) occurs.

ClearErrors
File file.dat
IfErrors 0 +2
  Call ErrorHandler

4.9.4.10 IfFileExists

file_to_check_for jump_if_present [jump_otherwise]

Checks for existence of file(s) file_to_check_for (which can be a wildcard, or a directory), and Gotos jump_if_present if the file exists, otherwise Gotos jump_otherwise. If you want to check to see if a file is a directory, use IfFileExists DIRECTORY\*.*

IfFileExists $WINDIR\notepad.exe 0 +2
  MessageBox MB_OK "notepad is installed"

4.9.4.11 IfRebootFlag

jump_if_set [jump_if_not_set]

Checks the reboot flag, and jumps to jump_if_set if the reboot flag is set, otherwise jumps to jump_if_not_set. The reboot flag can be set by Delete and Rename, or manually with SetRebootFlag.

IfRebootFlag 0 noreboot
  MessageBox MB_YESNO "A reboot is required to finish the installation. Do you wish to reboot now?" IDNO noreboot
    Reboot
noreboot:

4.9.4.12 IfSilent

jump_if_silent [jump_if_not]

Checks the silent flag, and jumps to jump_if_silent if the installer is silent, otherwise jumps to jump_if_not. The silent flag can be set by SilentInstall, SilentUninstall, SetSilent and by the user passing /S on the command line.

IfSilent +2
  ExecWait '"$INSTDIR\nonsilentprogram.exe"'

4.9.4.13 IntCmp

val1 val2 jump_if_equal [jump_if_val1_less] [jump_if_val1_more]

Compares two integers val1 and val2. If val1 and val2 are equal, Gotos jump_if_equal, otherwise if val1 < val2, Gotos jump_if_val1_less, otherwise if val1 > val2, Gotos jump_if_val1_more.

IntCmp $0 5 is5 lessthan5 morethan5
is5:
  DetailPrint "$$0 == 5"
  Goto done
lessthan5:
  DetailPrint "$$0 < 5"
  Goto done
morethan5:
  DetailPrint "$$0 > 5"
  Goto done
done:

4.9.4.14 IntCmpU

val1 val2 jump_if_equal [jump_if_val1_less] [jump_if_val1_more]

Compares two unsigned integers val1 and val2. If val1 and val2 are equal, Gotos jump_if_equal, otherwise if val1 < val2, Gotos jump_if_val1_less, otherwise if val1 > val2, Gotos jump_if_val1_more. Performs the comparison as unsigned integers.

4.9.4.15 MessageBox

mb_option_list messagebox_text [/SD return] [return_check jumpto] [return_check_2 jumpto_2]

Displays a MessageBox containing the text "messagebox_text". mb_option_list must be one or more of the following, delimited by |s (e.g. MB_YESNO|MB_ICONSTOP).

Return_check can be 0 (or empty, or left off), or one of the following:

If the return value of the MessageBox is return_check, the installer will Goto jumpto.

Use the /SD parameter with one of the return_check values above to specify the option that will be used when the installer is silent. See section 4.12 for more information.

MessageBox MB_OK "simple message box"
MessageBox MB_YESNO "is it true?" IDYES true IDNO false
true:
  DetailPrint "it's true!"
  Goto next
false:
  DetailPrint "it's false"
next:
MessageBox MB_YESNO "is it true? (defaults to yes on silent installations)" /SD IDYES IDNO false2
  DetailPrint "it's true (or silent)!"
  Goto next2
false2:
  DetailPrint "it's false"
next2:

4.9.4.16 Return

Returns from a function or section.

Function func
  StrCmp $0 "return now" 0 +2
    Return
  # do stuff
FunctionEnd

Section
  Call func
  ;"Return" will return here
SectionEnd

4.9.4.17 Quit

Causes the installer to exit as soon as possible. After Quit is called, the installer will exit (no callback functions will get a chance to run).

4.9.4.18 SetErrors

Sets the error flag.

SetErrors
IfErrors 0 +2
  MessageBox MB_OK "this message box will always show"

4.9.4.19 StrCmp

str1 str2 jump_if_equal [jump_if_not_equal]

Compares (case insensitively) str1 to str2. If str1 and str2 are equal, Gotos jump_if_equal, otherwise Gotos jump_if_not_equal.

StrCmp $0 "a string" 0 +3
  DetailPrint '$$0 == "a string"'
  Goto +2
  DetailPrint '$$0 != "a string"'

4.9.4.20 StrCmpS

str1 str2 jump_if_equal [jump_if_not_equal]

Same as StrCmp, but case sensitive.

4.9.5 File Instructions

4.9.5.1 FileClose

handle

Closes a file handle opened with FileOpen.

4.9.5.2 FileOpen

user_var(handle output) filename openmode

Opens a file named "filename", and sets the handle output variable with the handle. The openmode should be one of "r" (read) "w" (write, all contents of file are destroyed) or "a" (append, meaning opened for both read and write, contents preserved). In all open modes, the file pointer is placed at the beginning of the file. If the file cannot be opened, the handle output is set to empty, and the error flag is set.

If no absolute path is specified the current folder will be used. The current folder is the folder set using the last SetOutPath instruction. If you have not used SetOutPath the current folder is $EXEDIR.

FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat r
FileClose $0

4.9.5.3 FileRead

handle user_var(output) [maxlen]

Reads a string (ANSI characters) from a file opened with FileOpen. The string is read until either a newline (or carriage return newline pair) occurs, or until a null byte is read, or until maxlen is met (if specified). By default, strings are limited to 1024 characters (a special build with larger NSIS_MAX_STRLEN can be compiled or downloaded). If the end of file is read and no more data is available, the output string will be empty, and the error flag will be set.

Unicode: DBCS text is supported but conversion output is limited to UCS-2/BMP, surrogate pairs are not supported. The system default ANSI codepage (ACP) is used during the conversion.

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat r
IfErrors done
FileRead $0 $1
DetailPrint $1
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.4 FileReadUTF16LE

handle user_var(output) [maxlen]

This function is only available when building a Unicode installer.

Reads a string (UTF-16LE characters) from a file opened with FileOpen. The string is read until either a newline (or carriage return newline pair) occurs, or until a null wide-character is read, or until maxlen is met (if specified). By default, strings are limited to 1024 characters (a special build with larger NSIS_MAX_STRLEN can be compiled or downloaded). If the end of file is read and no more data is available, the output string will be empty, and the error flag will be set.

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat r
IfErrors done
FileReadUTF16LE $0 $1
DetailPrint $1
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.5 FileReadByte

handle user_var(output)

Reads a byte from a file opened with FileOpen. The byte is stored in the output as an integer (0-255). If the end of file is read and no more data is available, the output will be empty, and the error flag will be set.

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat r
IfErrors done
FileReadByte $0 $1
FileReadByte $0 $2
DetailPrint "$1 $2"
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.6 FileReadWord

handle user_var(output)

This function is only available when building a Unicode installer.

Reads a word (2-bytes) from a file opened with FileOpen. The word is stored in the output as an integer (0-65535). If the end of file is read and no more data is available, the output will be empty, and the error flag will be set.

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat r
IfErrors done
FileReadWord $0 $1
FileReadWord $0 $2
DetailPrint "$1 $2"
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.7 FileSeek

handle offset [mode] [user_var(new position)]

Seeks a file opened with FileOpen. If mode is omitted or specified as SET, the file is positioned to "offset", relative to the beginning of the file. If mode is specified as CUR, then the file is positioned to "offset", relative to the current file position. If mode is specified as END, then the file is positioned to "offset", relative to the end of the file. If the final parameter "new position" is specified, the new file position will be stored to that variable.

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat r
IfErrors done
FileSeek $0 -5 END
FileRead $0 $1
DetailPrint $1
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.8 FileWrite

handle string

Writes an ANSI string to a file opened with FileOpen. If an error occurs writing, the error flag will be set.

(If you are building a Unicode installer, the function converts the string to ANSI/MBCS. The system default ANSI codepage (ACP) is used during the conversion)

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat w
IfErrors done
FileWrite $0 "some text"
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.9 FileWriteUTF16LE

handle string

This function is only available when building a Unicode installer.

Writes a Unicode (UTF-16LE) string to a file opened with FileOpen. If an error occurs writing, the error flag will be set.

ClearErrors
FileOpen $0 $INSTDIR\file.dat w
IfErrors done
FileWriteUTF16LE $0 "some text"
FileClose $0
done:

4.9.5.10 FileWriteByte

handle string

Writes the integer interpretation of 'string' to a file opened with FileOpen. Of course you can enter the integer value directly. The following code writes a "Carriage Return / Line Feed" - Enter to the file.

FileWriteByte file_handle "13"
FileWriteByte file_handle "10"

If an error occurs while writing, the error flag will be set. Note that the low byte of the integer is used, i.e. writing 256 is the same as writing 0, etc.

4.9.5.11 FileWriteWord

handle string

This function is only available when building a Unicode installer.

Writes the integer interpretation of 'string' as a WORD (2-bytes, range: 0-65535) to a file opened with FileOpen. Of course you can enter the integer value directly. The following code writes a "Carriage Return / Line Feed" - Enter to the file.

FileWriteWord file_handle "13"
FileWriteWord file_handle "10"

If an error occurs while writing, the error flag will be set. Note that the low WORD of the integer is used, i.e. writing 65536 is the same as writing 0, etc.

4.9.5.12 FindClose

handle

Closes a search opened with FindFirst.

4.9.5.13 FindFirst

user_var(handle output) user_var(filename output) filespec

Performs a search for 'filespec', placing the first file found in filename_output (a user variable). It also puts the handle of the search into handle_output (also a user variable). If no files are found, both outputs are set to empty, and the error flag is set. Best used with FindNext and FindClose. Note that the filename output is without path.

FindFirst $0 $1 $INSTDIR\*.txt
loop:
  StrCmp $1 "" done
  DetailPrint $1
  FindNext $0 $1
  Goto loop
done:
FindClose $0

4.9.5.14 FindNext

handle user_var(filename_output)

Continues a search began with FindFirst. handle should be the handle_output_variable returned by FindFirst. If the search is completed (there are no more files), filename_output is set to empty, and the error flag is set. Note that the filename output is without path.

4.9.6 Uninstaller Instructions

4.9.6.1 WriteUninstaller

[Path\]exename.exe

Writes the uninstaller to the filename (and optionally path) specified. Only valid from within an install section or function, and requires that you have an uninstall section in your script. See also Uninstall configuration. You can call this one or more times to write out one or more copies of the uninstaller.

WriteUninstaller $INSTDIR\uninstaller.exe

4.9.7 Miscellaneous Instructions

4.9.7.1 GetErrorLevel

user_var(error level output)

Returns the last error level set by SetErrorLevel or -1 if it was never used.

GetErrorLevel $0
IntOp $0 $0 + 1
SetErrorLevel $0

4.9.7.2 GetInstDirError

user_var(error output)

Use in the leave function of a directory page. Reads the flag set if 'DirVerify leave' is used. Possible values:

0: No error

1: Invalid installation directory

2: Not enough space on installation drive

!include LogicLib.nsh
PageEx directory
  DirVerify leave
  PageCallbacks "" "" dirLeave
PageExEnd

Function dirLeave
  GetInstDirError $0
  ${Switch} $0
    ${Case} 0
      MessageBox MB_OK "valid installation directory"
      ${Break}
    ${Case} 1
      MessageBox MB_OK "invalid installation directory!"
      Abort
      ${Break}
    ${Case} 2
      MessageBox MB_OK "not enough free space!"
      Abort
      ${Break}
  ${EndSwitch}
FunctionEnd

4.9.7.3 InitPluginsDir

Initializes the plug-ins dir ($PLUGINSDIR) if not already initialized.

InitPluginsDir
File /oname=$PLUGINSDIR\image.bmp image.bmp

4.9.7.4 Nop

Does nothing.

4.9.7.5 SetErrorLevel

error_level

Sets the error level of the installer or uninstaller to error_level. See Error Levels for more information.

IfRebootFlag 0 +2
  SetErrorLevel 4

4.9.7.6 SetRegView

32|64|lastused

Sets the registry view affected by registry commands. On Windows x64 there are two views. One for 32-bit applications and one for x64 applications. By default, 32-bit applications running on x64 systems under WOW64 have access only to the 32-bit view. Using SetRegView 64 allows the installer to access keys in the x64 view of the registry.

Affects DeleteRegKey, DeleteRegValue, EnumRegKey, EnumRegValue, ReadRegDWORD, ReadRegStr, WriteRegBin, WriteRegDWORD, WriteRegStr and WriteRegExpandStr.

Does not affect InstallDirRegKey. Instead, the registry can be read using ReadRegStr in .onInit.

SetRegView 32
ReadRegStr $0 HKLM Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion ProgramFilesDir
DetailPrint $0 # prints C:\Program Files (x86)
SetRegView 64
ReadRegStr $0 HKLM Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion ProgramFilesDir
DetailPrint $0 # prints C:\Program Files
Function .onInit
  SetRegView 64
  ReadRegStr $INSTDIR HKLM Software\NSIS ""
  SetRegView 32
FunctionEnd

4.9.7.7 SetShellVarContext

current|all

Sets the context of $SMPROGRAMS and other shell folders. If set to 'current' (the default), the current user's shell folders are used. If set to 'all', the 'all users' shell folder is used. The all users folder may not be supported on all OSes. If the all users folder is not found, the current user folder will be used. Please take into consideration that a "normal user" has no rights to write in the all users area. Only admins have full access rights to the all users area. You can check this by using the UserInfo plug-in. See Contrib\UserInfo\UserInfo.nsi for an example.

Note that, if used in installer code, this will only affect the installer, and if used in uninstaller code, this will only affect the uninstaller. To affect both, it needs to be used in both.

SetShellVarContext current
StrCpy $0 $DESKTOP
SetShellVarContext all
StrCpy $1 $DESKTOP
MessageBox MB_OK $0$\n$1

4.9.7.8 Sleep

sleeptime_in_ms

Pauses execution in the installer for sleeptime_in_ms milliseconds. sleeptime_in_ms can be a variable, e.g. "$0" or a number, i.e. "666".

DetailPrint "sleeping..."
Sleep 3000
DetailPrint "back to work"

4.9.8 String Manipulation Instructions

4.9.8.1 StrCpy

user_var(destination) str [maxlen] [start_offset]

Sets the user variable $x with str. Note that str can contain other variables, or the user variable being set (concatenating strings this way is possible, etc). If maxlen is specified, the string will be a maximum of maxlen characters (if maxlen is negative, the string will be truncated abs(maxlen) characters from the end). If start_offset is specified, the source is offset by it (if start_offset is negative, it will start abs(start_offset) from the end of the string).

StrCpy $0 "a string" # = "a string"
StrCpy $0 "a string" 3 # = "a s"
StrCpy $0 "a string" -1 # = "a strin"
StrCpy $0 "a string" "" 2 # = "string"
StrCpy $0 "a string" "" -3 # = "ing"
StrCpy $0 "a string" 3 -4 # = "rin"

4.9.8.2 StrLen

user_var(length output) str

Sets user variable $x with the length of str.

StrLen $0 "123456" # = 6

4.9.9 Stack Support

4.9.9.1 Exch

[user_var | stack_index]

When no parameter is specified, exchanges the top two elements of the stack. When a parameter is specified and is a user variable, exchanges the top element of the stack with the parameter. When a parameter is specified and is a positive integer, Exch will swap the item on the top of the stack with the item that is specified by the offset from the top of the stack in the parameter. If there are not enough items on the stack to accomplish the exchange, a fatal error will occur (to help you debug your code :).

Push 1
Push 2
Exch
Pop $0 # = 1
Push 1
Push 2
Push 3
Exch 2
Pop $0 # = 1
StrCpy $0 1
Push 2
Exch $0 # = 2
Pop $1 # = 1

4.9.9.2 Pop

user_var(out)

Pops a string off of the stack into user variable $x. If the stack is empty, the error flag will be set.

Push 1
Pop $0 # = 1

4.9.9.3 Push

string

Pushes a string onto the stack. The string can then be Popped off of the stack.

Push "a string"

4.9.10 Integer Support

4.9.10.1 IntFmt

user_var(output) format numberstring

Formats the number in "numberstring" using the format "format", and sets the output to user variable $x. Example format strings include "%08X" "%u"

IntFmt $0 "0x%08X" 195948557
IntFmt $0 "%c" 0x41

4.9.10.2 IntOp

user_var(output) value1 OP [value2]

Combines value1 and (depending on OP) value2 into the specified user variable (user_var). OP is defined as one of the following:

IntOp $0 1 + 1
IntOp $0 $0 + 1
IntOp $0 $0 << 2
IntOp $0 $0 ~
IntOp $0 $0 & 0xF

4.9.11 Reboot Instructions

4.9.11.1 Reboot

Reboots the computer. Be careful with this one. If it fails, .onRebootFailed is called. In any case, this instruction never returns, just like Quit.

MessageBox MB_YESNO|MB_ICONQUESTION "Do you wish to reboot the system?" IDNO +2
  Reboot

4.9.11.2 SetRebootFlag

true|false

Sets the reboot flag to either true or false. The flag's value can be read using IfRebootFlag.

SetRebootFlag true
IfRebootFlag 0 +2
  MessageBox MB_OK "this message box will always show"

4.9.12 Install Logging Instructions

4.9.12.1 LogSet

on|off

Sets whether install logging to $INSTDIR\install.log will happen. $INSTDIR must have a value before you call this function or it will not work. Note that the NSIS_CONFIG_LOG build setting must be set (scons NSIS_CONFIG_LOG=yes) on compile time (it is not by default) to support this. See Building NSIS for more information about recompiling NSIS.

4.9.12.2 LogText

text

If installer logging is enabled, inserts text "text" into the log file.

IfFileExists $WINDIR\notepad.exe 0 +2
  LogText "$$WINDIR\notepad.exe exists"

4.9.13 Section Management

4.9.13.1 SectionSetFlags

section_index section_flags

Sets the section's flags. The flag is a 32 bit integer. The first bit (lowest) represents whether the section is currently selected, the second bit represents whether the section is a section group (don't modify this unless you really know what you are doing), the third bit represents whether the section is a section group end (again, don't modify), the fourth bit represents whether the section is shown in bold or not, the fifth bit represents whether the section is read-only, the sixth bit represents whether the section group is to be automatically expanded, the seventh bit is set for section groups which are partially selected, the eighth bit is internally used for partially selected section group toggling and the ninth bit is used for reflecting section name changes. The error flag will be set if an out of range section is specified.

Each flag has a name, prefixed with `SF_`:

!define SF_SELECTED   1
!define SF_SECGRP     2
!define SF_SECGRPEND  4
!define SF_BOLD       8
!define SF_RO         16
!define SF_EXPAND     32
!define SF_PSELECTED  64

For an example of usage please see the one-section.nsi example.

For more useful macros and definitions, see Include\Sections.nsh.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # set section 'test' as selected and read-only
  IntOp $0 ${SF_SELECTED} | ${SF_RO}
  SectionSetFlags ${test_section_id} $0
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.2 SectionGetFlags

section_index user_var(output)

Retrieves the section's flags. See above for a description of the flag. The error flag will be set if an out of range section is specified.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onSelChange
  # keep section 'test' selected
  SectionGetFlags ${test_section_id} $0
  IntOp $0 $0 | ${SF_SELECTED}
  SectionSetFlags ${test_section_id} $0
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.3 SectionSetText

section_index section_text

Sets the description for the section section_index. If the text is set to "" then the section will be hidden. The error flag will be set if an out of range section is specified.

Section "" test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # change section's name to $WINDIR
  SectionSetText ${test_section_id} $WINDIR
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.4 SectionGetText

section_index user_var(output)

Stores the text description of the section section_index into the output. If the section is hidden, stores an empty string. The error flag will be set if an out of range section is specified.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # append $WINDIR to section's name
  SectionGetText ${test_section_id} $0
  StrCpy $0 "$0 - $WINDIR"
  SectionSetText ${test_section_id} $0
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.5 SectionSetInstTypes

section_index inst_types

Sets the install types the section specified by section_index defaults to the enabled state in. Note that the section index starts with zero. Every bit of inst_types is a flag that tells if the section is in that install type or not. For example, if you have 3 install types and you want the first section to be included in install types 1 and 3, then the command should look like this:

SectionSetInstTypes 0 5

because the binary value for 5 is "00000101". The error flag will be set if the section index specified is out of range.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # associate section 'test' with installation types 3 and 4
  SectionSetInstTypes ${test_section_id} 12
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.6 SectionGetInstTypes

section_index user_var(output)

Retrieves the install types flags array of a section. See above explanation about SectionSetInstTypes for a description of how to deal with the output. The error flag will be set if the section index specified is out of range.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # associate section 'test' with installation types 5, on top of its existing associations
  SectionGetInstTypes ${test_section_id} $0
  IntOp $0 $0 | 16
  SectionSetInstTypes ${test_section_id} $0
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.7 SectionSetSize

section_index new_size

Sets the Size of the section specified by section_index. Note that the Index starts with Zero. The Value for Size must be entered in KiloByte and supports only whole numbers.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # set required size of section 'test' to 100 bytes
  SectionSetSize ${test_section_id} 100
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.8 SectionGetSize

section_index user_var

Gets the Size of the section specified by section_index and stores the value in the given User Variable. Note that the Index starts with Zero.

Section test test_section_id
SectionEnd

Function .onInit
  # increase required size of section 'test' by 100 KiB
  SectionGetSize ${test_section_id} $0
  IntOp $0 $0 + 100
  SectionSetSize ${test_section_id} $0
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.9 SetCurInstType

inst_type_idx

Sets the current InstType. inst_type_idx should be between 0 and 31. The Error Flag is not set if an out of range InstType was used.

4.9.13.10 GetCurInstType

user_var

Get the current InstType and stores it in user_var. If the first install type is selected, 0 will be put in user_var. If the second install type is selected, 1 will be put in user_var, and so on. The value of ${NSIS_MAX_INST_TYPES} (32 by default) means that the user selected a custom set of sections. Note that simply selecting "Custom" in the drop-down menu is not enough to trigger this. The value is calculated by the sections actually selected.

4.9.13.11 InstTypeSetText

inst_type_idx text

Sets the Text of the specified InstType. If the Text is empty than the InstType is removed. By using a previously unused inst_type_idx number you can create new InstTypes. To add/remove Sections to this new InstType see SectionSetInstTypes. Unlike SectionIn the index is zero based, which means the first install type's index is 0.

InstType a
InstType b

Function .onInit
  # set first installation type's name to $WINDIR
  InstTypeSetText 0 $WINDIR
  # set second installation type's name to $TEMP
  InstTypeSetText 1 $TEMP
FunctionEnd

4.9.13.12 InstTypeGetText

inst_type_idx user_var

Gets the Text of the specified InstType.

InstType a
InstType b

Function .onInit
  InstTypeGetText 0 $0
  DetailPrint $0 # prints 'a'
  InstTypeGetText 1 $0
  DetailPrint $0 # prints 'b'
FunctionEnd

4.9.14 User Interface Instructions

4.9.14.1 BringToFront

Makes the installer window visible and brings it to the top of the window list. If an application was executed that shows itself in front of the installer, a BringToFront would bring the installer back in focus.

Recent Windows versions restrict the setting of foreground windows. If the user is working with another application during installation, the user may be notified using a different method.

4.9.14.2 CreateFont

user_var(handle output) face_name [height] [weight] [/ITALIC] [/UNDERLINE] [/STRIKE]

Creates a font and puts its handle into user_var. For more information about the different parameters have a look at MSDN's page about the Win32 API function CreateFont().

You can get the current font used by NSIS using the ^Font and ^FontSize LangStrings.

!include WinMessages.nsh
GetDlgItem $0 $HWNDPARENT 1
CreateFont $1 "Times New Roman" "7" "700" /UNDERLINE
SendMessage $0 ${WM_SETFONT} $1 1

4.9.14.3 DetailPrint

user_message

Adds the string "user_message" to the details view of the installer.

DetailPrint "this message will show on the installation window"

4.9.14.4 EnableWindow

hwnd (1|0)

Enables or disables mouse and keyboard input to the specified window or control. Possible states are 0 (disabled) or 1 (enabled).

GetDlgItem $0 $HWNDPARENT 1
EnableWindow $0 0
Sleep 1000
EnableWindow $0 1

4.9.14.5 FindWindow

user_var(hwnd output) windowclass [windowtitle] [windowparent] [childafter]

Searches for a window. Behaves like the win32 FindWindowEx(). Searches by windowclass (and/or windowtitle if specified). If windowparent or childafter are specified, the search will be restricted as such. If windowclass or windowtitle is specified as "", they will not be used for the search. If the window is not found, the user variable returned is 0. To accomplish old-style FindWindow behavior, use FindWindow with SendMessage.

FindWindow $0 "#32770" "" $HWNDPARENT
FindWindow $0 "my window class" "my window title"

4.9.14.6 GetDlgItem

user_var(output) dialog item_id

Retrieves the handle of a control identified by item_id in the specified dialog box dialog. If you want to get the handle of a control on the inner dialog, first use FindWindow user_var(output) "#32770" "" $HWNDPARENT to get the handle of the inner dialog.

GetDlgItem $0 $HWNDPARENT 1 # next/install button

4.9.14.7 HideWindow

Hides the installer.

4.9.14.8 IsWindow

HWND jump_if_window [jump_if_not_window]

If HWND is a window, Gotos jump_if_window, otherwise, Gotos jump_if_not_window (if specified).

GetDlgItem $0 $HWNDPARENT 1
IsWindow $0 0 +3
  MessageBox MB_OK "found a window"
  Goto +2
  MessageBox MB_OK "no window"

4.9.14.9 LockWindow

on|off

LockWindow on prevents the main window from redrawing itself upon changes. When LockWindow off is used, all controls that weren't redrawn since LockWindow on will be redrawn. This makes the pages flickering look nicer because now it flickers a group of controls at the same time, instead of one control at a time. The individual control flickering is more noticeable on old computers.

4.9.14.10 SendMessage

HWND msg wparam lparam [user_var(return value)] [/TIMEOUT=time_in_ms]

Sends a message to HWND. If a user variable $x is specified as the last parameter (or one before the last if you use /TIMEOUT), the return value of SendMessage will be stored to it. Note that when specifying 'msg' you must just use the integer value of the message. If you wish to send strings use "STR:a string" as wParam or lParam where needed.

Include WinMessages.nsh to have all of Windows messages defined in your script.

To send a string param, put STR: before the parameter, for example: "STR:Some string".

Use /TIMEOUT=time_in_ms to specify the duration, in milliseconds, of the time-out period.

!include WinMessages.nsh
FindWindow $0 "Winamp v1.x"
SendMessage $0 ${WM_CLOSE} 0 0

4.9.14.11 SetAutoClose

true|false

Overrides the default auto window-closing flag (specified for the installer using AutoCloseWindow, and false for the uninstaller). Specify 'true' to have the install window immediately disappear after the install has completed, or 'false' to make it require a manual close.

4.9.14.12 SetBrandingImage

[/IMGID=item_id_in_dialog] [/RESIZETOFIT] path_to_bitmap_file.bmp

Sets the current bitmap file displayed as the branding image. If no IMGID is specified, the first image control found will be used, or the image control created by AddBrandingImage. Note that this bitmap must be present on the user's machine. Use File first to put it there. If /RESIZETOFIT is specified the image will be automatically resized (very poorly) to the image control size. If you used AddBrandingImage you can get this size, by compiling your script and watching for AddBrandingImage output, it will tell you the size. SetBrandingImage will not work when called from .onInit!

4.9.14.13 SetDetailsView

show|hide

Shows or hides the details, depending on which parameter you pass. Overrides the default details view, which is set via ShowInstDetails.

4.9.14.14 SetDetailsPrint

none|listonly|textonly|both|lastused

Sets mode at which commands print their status. None has commands be quiet, listonly has status text only added to the listbox, textonly has status text only printed to the status bar, and both enables both (the default). For extracting many small files, textonly is recommended (especially on win9x with smooth scrolling enabled).

SetDetailsPrint none
File "secret file.dat"
SetDetailsPrint both

4.9.14.15 SetCtlColors

hwnd [/BRANDING] [text_color] [transparent|bg_color]

Sets a background color and the text color for a static control, edit control, button or a dialog. text_color and bg_color don't accept variables. Use GetDlgItem to get the handle (HWND) of the control. To make the control transparent specify "transparent" as the background color value. You can also specify /BRANDING with or without text color and background color to make the control completely gray (or any other color you choose). This is used by the branding text control in the MUI.

FindWindow $0 "#32770" "" $HWNDPARENT
GetDlgItem $0 $0 1006
SetCtlColors $0 0xFF0000 0x00FF00

Warning: setting the background color of check boxes to "transparent" may not function properly when using XPStlye on. The background may be completely black, instead of transparent, when using certain Windows themes.

4.9.14.16 SetSilent

silent | normal

Sets the installer to silent mode or normal mode. See SilentInstall for more information about silent installations. Can only be used in .onInit.

4.9.14.17 ShowWindow

hwnd show_state

Sets the visibility of a window. Possible show_states are the same as Windows ShowWindow function. SW_* constants are defined in Include\WinMessages.nsh.

!include WinMessages.nsh
GetDlgItem $0 $HWNDPARENT 1
ShowWindow $0 ${SW_HIDE}
Sleep 1000
ShowWindow $0 ${SW_SHOW}

4.9.15 Multiple Languages Instructions

4.9.15.1 LoadLanguageFile

language_file.nlf

Loads a language file for the construction of a language table. All of the language files that come with NSIS are in Contrib\Language Files

After you have inserted the language file ${LANG_langfile} will be defined as the language id (for example, ${LANG_ENGLISH} will be defined as 1033). Use it with LangString, LicenseLangString, LangDLL and VIAddVersionKey.

4.9.15.2 LangString

name language_id string

Defines a multilingual string. This means its value may be different (or not, it's up to you) for every language. It allows you to easily make your installer multilingual without the need to add massive switches to the script.

Each language string has a name that identifies it and a value for each language used by the installer. They can be used in any runtime string in the script. To use a language string all you need to add to the string is $(LangString_name_here) where you want the LangString to be inserted.

Notes:

Example of usage:

 LangString message ${LANG_ENGLISH} "English message"
 LangString message ${LANG_FRENCH} "French message"
 LangString message ${LANG_KOREAN} "Korean message"

 MessageBox MB_OK "A translated message: $(message)"

4.9.15.3 LicenseLangString

name language_id license_path

Does the same as LangString only it loads the string from a text/RTF file and defines a special LangString that can be used only by LicenseData.

LicenseLangString license ${LANG_ENGLISH} license-english.txt
LicenseLangString license ${LANG_FRENCH} license-french.txt
LicenseLangString license ${LANG_GERMAN} license-german.txt
LicenseData $(license)

4.10 Multiple Languages

As of version 2 NSIS fully supports multiple languages. The interface of one installer can support multiple languages.

Use LoadLanguageFile for every language to load the default interface texts and language properties.

The default interface texts can easily be changed using instructions like ComponentText etc.

You can also use the contents of the standard language strings in your own strings (for example, $(^Name) contains the installer's name set using the Name instruction). The names of all standard language strings are listed as comments just above the strings in the language files. The language files are located in Contrib\Language Files.

To create your own language strings, use LangString.

For an example of an installer with multiple languages, see languages.nsi.

4.10.1 Language Selection

When the installer starts up it goes through these steps to select the interface language:

  1. Get user's default Windows UI language
  2. Find a perfect match for the language
  3. If there is no perfect match, find a primary language match
  4. If there is no match, use the first language defined in the script (make sure your first language is a common one like English)
  5. If the language variable $LANGUAGE has changed during .onInit, NSIS goes through steps 2 to 4 again.

4.10.2 LangDLL Plug-in

The LangDLL plug-in allows you to give the user an option to choose the language of the installer. Just push the language id (${LANG_langfile}) and its name for every language in your installer, then the number of languages pushed, the caption, and the text that tells the user to select the language, call the plug-in function named LangDialog, pop the returned value into $LANGUAGE and you're good to go. If the user clicks on the cancel button the return value will be "cancel".

For an example of usage see languages.nsi.

4.10.3 RTL Languages

RTL languages are languages that are written from right to left (e.g. Arabic and Hebrew). NSIS fully supports RTL languages. In the language file there is a place to specify if the language is RTL or not. To find out at runtime if the current language is RTL or not, check the value of the $(^RTL) language string. It will be 1 if the language is RTL and 0 otherwise. This can be useful when using plug-ins that create dialogs, they usually have RTL settings too.

4.11 Plug-in DLLs

The abilities of the NSIS scripting language can be extended by utilising functionality provided in a DLL file. Probably the best known example of this is the InstallOptions.dll bundled with every NSIS release.

When the NSIS compiler starts it scans the plug-ins directory for DLLs and makes a list of the plug-ins found and their exported functions. During compilation if a sequence such as fred::flintstone is encountered where the compiler expected to find a language keyword the compiler will look through this list. If a list entry specifies that fred.dll exports function flintstone NSIS will pack the fred.dll file into the created installer binary.

During execution of a plug-in command NSIS will unpack the necessary DLL to a temporary folder ($PLUGINSDIR), push all of the arguments specified (right-to-left order), and then execute the DLL function.

4.11.1 Using Plug-in Commands

A plug-in call looks like this:

InstallOptions::dialog "ini_file_location.ini"

All parameters are pushed onto the stack (in this case, the plug-in function only needs one parameter). Some plug-in commands may not need any parameters on the stack, others might require more of them. To use a plug-in command you will need to read the documentation for the plug-in so that you know what parameters its functions require.

4.11.2 Calling plug-ins manually

If you want to call a plug-in that is stored on user's hard drive or somewhere else, use CallInstDLL. Almost all plug-ins provide installer functionality, so using plug-in commands is way easier. Using CallInstDLL can be useful when you have created plug-ins that should be linked to a certain version of your application and are being copied to the installation folder.

4.12 Silent Installers/Uninstallers

Silent installers are installers which require no user intervention and have no user interface. The user doesn't see any dialog and isn't asked any questions. This is useful for network administrators who wish to install or uninstall something without user intervention so they can perform the operation quickly over any number of computers. It is also useful for other developers who wish to embed another installer in their own and collect all of the required information on their installer instead of showing two installers.

NSIS installers and uninstallers can be both silent and not silent. When an installer or an uninstaller is silent, not all callback functions are called. .onGUIInit, .onGUIEnd, their uninstaller equivalents and any callback related to a specific page or page type will not be called.

There are several methods to make an installer or an uninstaller silent:

  1. SilentInstall and SilentUninstall
  2. SetSilent
  3. Passing /S on the command line (case sensitive)

To check if the installer/uninstaller is silent use IfSilent.

To make sure your installer will be silent when it needs to, you should check with IfSilent before each command that might require user intervention or create a window. The MessageBox command, which is the most common culprit in silent installers, has the /SD switch to set a default answer for silent installers. If you want your installer/uninstaller to be able to be completely silent you should use this switch. All internal NSIS message boxes have defaults for silent installers. The silent.nsi example demonstrates all aspects of this topic.

Since the directory page can not be shown on silent installers, the user has an option to specify the installation directory on the command line (this also works on non-silent installers/uninstallers). To do that, the user uses the /D switch as in the following example:

foo.exe /S /D=C:\Program Files\Foo

If your installer/uninstaller requires some more information that can not be gathered when silent, you can allow the user to specify that information on the command line and process it in .onInit. You can use GetOptions.

!include FileFunc.nsh
!insertmacro GetParameters
!insertmacro GetOptions

Function .onInit
  ${GetParameters} $R0
  ClearErrors
  ${GetOptions} $R0 /USERNAME= $0
FunctionEnd

The above example will copy the value the user passes on after /USERNAME= into $0. This allows the user to specify the required information on the command line instead of using the interactive user interface. The user can use:

foo.exe /S /USERNAME=Bar /D=C:\Program Files\Foo

or:

foo.exe /S /USERNAME=string with spaces /D=C:\Program Files\Foo

or:

foo.exe /S /USERNAME="string with spaces" /D=C:\Program Files\Foo

If your installer/uninstaller requires a lot of information and you want it to be able to be silent, you should allow the user to pass on a path to an answers file. This would be much more comfortable than writing all of the information on the command line.

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